MUSIC 1AA3 Lecture Notes - Anton Schindler, Heiligenstadt Testament, Tinnitus

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Published on 13 Apr 2013
School
McMaster University
Department
Music
Course
MUSIC 1AA3
Page:
of 1
Ludwig van Beethoven
born 1770 in Bonn (N. Germany, was capital of west germany)!
died 1827, in Vienna (Austria)
Father was court musician in Bonn; exploited son's talents, was alcoholic, Beethoven was main
breadwinner in teens
Grant from Elector of Bonn (a municipality in what is now Germany, was Holy Roman Empire) sent
him to Vienna, 1790
Went To Vienna, 1790
Studied under Haydn 1790-1794
Began to go deaf at 26 (tinnitus), caused intense grief
tinnitus creates and generates noises that aren't real, much worse than if he just went plain deaf
Heiligenstadt Testament (1802), contemplates suicide "it was only my art that held me back"
Hearing loss didn't stop his composing
Over 100 conversation books remain - great historical record (Anton Schindler, wrote a biography about
Beethoven, but made up a lot of conversations)
Eroica (Beethoven's 3rd symphony, intense and dark)
Had to give up playing concerts by 1811
Suffered from chronic poor health, deafness, and custody battle over nephew during last 15 years of life
increasingly introverted
Widely recognized during lifetime as greets composer
When died in 1827 was declared national hero
Symphony no. 5 in C Minor
!Opening
Possibly world's best known piece - included on Voyager I!(the space satellite with golden
record)
Taken as symbol of strength and resolve
First Movement: Minor
Last Movement: Major
No Programme "Fate pounds at the portal"
• Rhythm:!
Germinal cell produced by simple, recognizable theme: short-short-short-LONG
1st opening statements in unison (monophony), followed by polyphony
Theme used throughout 1st movement (e.g. development, Recap and Coda)
• Dynamics
Music moves without warning between extremes (opening)
Dynamic contrast very noticeable at 3-4 movement transition (8:20)
• Timbre
Beethoven expands orchestra, introduce piccolo and contra-bassoon (double length of bassoon)
in 4th Mov. plus extra trombones
Instrumental groups juxtaposed (e.g. wind and strings at 3:30)
Virtuosic parts for unusual instruments (Double basses
1st Movement: Sonata form
Overall Form of 5th Symphony
when individual movements are linked thematically: cyclic form
e.g. compare 1st movements with 3rd and 4th movements
Other Compositions by Beethoven
Piano Sonata in C# major, op. 27 (Moonlight sonata), kinda badass
Piano Sonata, F Minor, op. 57 ("Appassionata", 1804)
Nine symphonies - 9th uses chorus and orchestra (famous one, pirate it)

Document Summary

Went to vienna, 1790 born 1770 in bonn (n. germany, was capital of west germany) died 1827, in vienna (austria) Father was court musician in bonn; exploited son"s talents, was alcoholic, beethoven was main breadwinner in teens. Grant from elector of bonn (a municipality in what is now germany, was holy roman empire) sent him to vienna, 1790. Began to go deaf at 26 (tinnitus), caused intense grief. Over 100 conversation books remain - great historical record (anton schindler, wrote a biography about. Beethoven, but made up a lot of conversations) Had to give up playing concerts by 1811. Suffered from chronic poor health, deafness, and custody battle over nephew during last 15 years of life increasingly introverted tinnitus creates and generates noises that aren"t real, much worse than if he just went plain deaf.