RELIGST 3C03 Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: Immorality, Islamic Culture, Fiqh

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CLASS NOTES FOR: RELIGIOUS STUDIES 3C03
McMaster University, Winter 2015
WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 25, Y
QUTB
- Rejects call for total integration with European Education system.
- More impact after death than when alive
- Literary critic at one time in his life.
- Rebirth in Islamic education (Renaissance lies in Education - AN AUTHENTIC ISLAMIC
EDUCATION)
- E.G Ataturk, Baha Hussain (an Egyptian thinker who believed in integration with Europe)
- Polarization (those influenced by Egyptian and those by Europe)
oThere was a polarization in Egypt, those who were influenced by Europe, while the rest
were influenced by Egyptian culture)
- Influenced by Village culture (superstitious, etc.)
- Was against the village culture because of the Ignorance and superstitious
- Committed to social economic justice
oIslam was about Justice and complete commitment to God
o“Social Justice in Islam” - book
- Islam wants to be emancipated (free) from Traditions
oVillage traditions
- Islam is a unity
- UNITY
oCannot divide between faith / works and actions
oWhat is believed must be acted on
oWhat is acted on must be believed
-AQIDA
oAqida can transform inactive beings into goal oriented, committed beings.
Aqida is a hidden power - Frees people from atheism, spiritual freedom, social
intellect, etc.
It is not treated by the Qur’an as a theory, but as a practical need!
o“CREED”
oYour beliefs
oBelieve in God, prophet, etc. This is the creed
oHe goes further, it is not just about belief, it is a matter of actions because Aqida for him
meant to transform inactive beings into goal oriented, committed beings.
oModern terms, fundamentalists base a lot of ideology on him
oAqida frees people from atheism, gives spiritual power, social intellect, etc.
oFaith is more about doing than believing
oIt is not treated as a theory in the Qur’an but as a practical need (something that is acted
upon)
oThis idea is based on the premise of unity, on the individual and between Muslims
oHumans have acts of worship - do not pray in Isolation, but pray with others
You as a human being have to be connected to fellow Muslims and serve God
Angie © McMaster University
Winter 2015
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Started on: 25/02/2015 02:21:00
only.
- It is only Islam, which liberates man from servitude to other than God
o“Human beings”
oOur service and education, commitment should be to God only and only Islam does this
oWe can only be liberated and freed when our relationship between human the divine is
strong.
When it is restored to its original state!
JIHAD
Fight against Jahiliya is Jihad as they act to destroy Islam & Its ideals
- Must fight any power that blocks the peaceful spread of Islam
- To preserve Aqida is also Jihad
- Need different forms of Jihad, doctrinal, spiritual, military, political and social jihad.
- Do not need to apologize for Jihad, since Jihad emancipates people from enslavement by Others.
- Muslims have separated faith from daily lives.
- Faith is connected to social activities.
- Just as individual is whole, so is society, a unity where people look after each other.
- Islam is against monopoly, usury and corruption.
- Must stand up for corruption!
-FITRA
oA state of connection with the divine
oWe can only be liberated when we reach the state of connectedness with the Divine
-JAHILIYYA
oMoral bankruptcy
oThere is a fight against ignorance and immorality (jihad) because they aim to destroy
Islam and its ideals
oIslam is not just to be believed in but to spread
oAnything that blocks the spread of Islam must be fought against.
oSociety has to be guided with divine guidance
oThe current state of Egypt is of Jahiliyyah (1940’s)
oThat Muslims themselves are in Jahiliyyah
oUlama kept the masses ignorant
oNEED TO BUILD UP ISLAMIC STATE STEP BY STEP!
oUlama do not speak out against poverty, for the rights of the poor.
- To preserve AQIDA is also Jihad
- Different kinds of Jihads
oDoctrinal (to preserve)
oSpiritual (to elevate yourself spiritually)
oMilitary
oPolitics
oSocial (to do social justice)
- For Qutb we do not need to apologize for Jihad
- IT emancipates people from enslavements by others
oWe as Muslims have separated our lives from our faith
oFaith is connected to social activities
oFaith is connected to social consciousness.
- Just as an individual is a whole SOCIETY IS A UNITY
oAs a social being you cannot afford to be Isolated
Angie © McMaster University
Winter 2015
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