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Lecture 5

GPHY 101 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Little People, Urban Land, Periphery CountriesPremium


Department
Geography
Course Code
GPHY 101
Professor
L. Cameron
Lecture
5

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GPHY 101: October 9, 2018 - Week 5 Cities and Social Division
Spotlight speaker: Professor David Gordon: Regent park/St. Lawrence
Pg. 403-406
Regent Park Downtown Toronto
o Known as the largest white slum in
o Irish immigrant community in poor living
o Wooden houses over 80 years old
o Idea was that under modernism, you would clear the slums and build new
quality housing
Replace the slum housing with single income group one landlord
Single developer, single management, single architect
Tore everything down and restarted
One master plan for entire thing
Look new and modern and separate from everything else
Address from a project
Had high-rise buildings
o Negatives
Looks out of place compared to rest of city
Everyone would know that you are poor
Drugs/guns came into play
Family housing was on internal streets where you would have to
walk past drug dealers
St. Lawrence Downtown Toronto
o Mix of income groups
o Mix of tenures condominiums and rental
o Multiple developers
o Diversified management and owner
o Preserved existing buildings
o Instead of a master plan, there was a site place with general ideas about
height and guidelines

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Every building had its own architect
o Extended streets into rest of city so it did not look out of place
o Address from the street, not the project
o Low and medium rise buildings, but more density
o Family housing was on local streets
o Lots of architects
o Did not look uniform like a public housing area
Cannot solve poverty with urban planning
o However, the design is relevant
o Regent park was redesigned, based off St. Lawrence:
Replace every housing unit (which was falling down)
Plans to densify it, twice as much of low-end market condos
From a poverty-stricken neighborhood with a mixed neighborhood
Design and mixture of units are same as St. Lawrence
Contemporary architecture instead of St. Lawrence
architecture
Anthropocene
o Anthropocene: period where human beings are having unprecedented
effects on the planet
Collective acts of humanity on the geography and the env.
UN: 80% of all anthropogenic emissions come from cities
If cities are the problem, then maybe they are also the solution
Urban Land Use and Spatial Organization
o Congregation: People gathering together for different reasons
e.g. Chinatown, churches, gated communities (wealthy people)
o Segregation: the result of congregation, but also the result of
discrimination
Spatial separation of specific populations within a wider population
Possible sense of oppression
Spatial Patters and Processes in North American Cities
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