Pols241 sept 26 Week 3 lecture 3
After Bodnavary is taken out of office by the military
o Military has a problem because they now have no defensive project
o Therefore they prepare for a transition to democracy
o Lesson 1 (shows the importance of people)
Example of the power of personal ambition (bodnavary- he wanted to be a
He was a land owners son who grew up with and was used to there
being an authority to rule over a group of people, thus he believed the
country should mimic that.
o 2 lesson (the importance of ideas)
The neighborhood effect (ex. The wave of democratization in Eastern Europe)
1980s (dictatorship started to collapse)
o People start to think that it is outdated and that they need
something new ( they don’t want to be humiliated and made
fun of for being a modern country and yet still a dictatorship)
=the neighborhood effect
o Development of the dictatorship happened because of the Monteoneros
10 000 members
Committed to Marxist revolution
A guerilla movement and real threat to people, and law and order
The government tried to deal with them
o Military government takes over and eliminates the
However military decided to stay in power to run the
Thus they take over government and private enterprises
o Problem 1
Air, navy and army were competing for prominence, thus there were an equal
number of agencies and government organizations ran by each sector.
The country ended up being divided by 3 because each service knows
best etc = total chaos.
o Government unable to agree on a common solution to
o However all sectors agreed on the need for repression.
Killed thousands of people because they still believed
that communism was a major threat) When people start to protest the government
starts to believe that communism is back, this
lead to them ramping up repression.
Military regime becomes the only credible force in country
With some caveats: the country is now Chaotic, divided, corrupt, and
o 2 problem
Argentina is a large country
Junior officers don’t necessarily have same values as senior officers
o They firmly believe that a military should actually function as a
military rather than as a power structure (more force oriented
rather than politically oriented)
Therefore junior officers advocated for democracy
because they believed that this focus on the political
had affected their ability to be a fighting force (military
was being civilianized)
o Economy now in chaos
Military had no idea how to manage/develop industry
Fear of communists is gone but military keeps rounding people up, people who
may not be communists.
Bourgeoisie hears about it ( get upset because it could be either
someone related to them or someone they know) = them getting upset
with the military.
o Therefore milit