MHR 523 Lecture Notes - Labour Candidates And Parties In Canada

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Published on 18 Apr 2013
School
Ryerson University
Department
Human Resources
Course
MHR 523
April 7, 2013
Chapter 14: Unions
Union Defined
A union is an organization with the legal authority to represent workers, negotiate the terms
and conditions of employment with the employer, and administer the collective agreement
Collective Agreement
A labour contract that addresses a variety of issues such as wages and benefits, working
conditions, etc.
Usually negotiated between the local union’s bargaining committee and the HR department
Places restrictions on management’s rights in managing the workplace
Restricts management’s ability to manage employees
Why Do Employees Join Unions
Reasons for joining
o Job dissatisfaction
o Individual attitudes toward unions
o Perceived union instrumentality
Get more pay and more benefits
Reasons for not joining
o Belief that union membership may harm chances for promotion
Based on seniority
o Viewed as having another “boss”
o Extra costs for union dues/strikes
Unions have to pay employees if they decide to go on strike. They do not pay
100% of the salary though.
o Negative opinions toward collective action
Garbage strike and York strike caused harm to others
Trends in Union Membership
Union Growth and Decline
The number of women members has been increasing rapidly
Unions are organizing service employees
Part-time employees less likely to be unionized
Larger workplaces are more likely to be unionized
Service industry less likely to be unionized traditionally
Becoming more likely for service industry to be unionized
Global Trends
A number of countries have experienced a decline in union density
Unions not as common in America. Leaning towards eliminating unionization
Impact of Union Representation
Strikes
o Most collective agreements are settled without a strike or lockout
Wages and Benefits
o Higher wages, particularly for part-time employees
o More comprehensive benefits
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Document Summary

Chapter 14: unions: a union is an organization with the legal authority to represent workers, negotiate the terms and conditions of employment with the employer, and administer the collective agreement. Why do employees join unions: reasons for joining. Individual attitudes toward unions: perceived union instrumentality. Get more pay and more benefits: reasons for not joining, belief that union membership may harm chances for promotion. Based on seniority: viewed as having another boss , extra costs for union dues/strikes. Unions have to pay employees if they decide to go on strike. 100% of the salary though: negative opinions toward collective action. Garbage strike and york strike caused harm to others. Trends in union membership: union growth and decline. The number of women members has been increasing rapidly. Part-time employees less likely to be unionized. Service industry less likely to be unionized traditionally. Becoming more likely for service industry to be unionized. Larger workplaces are more likely to be unionized: global trends.

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