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Lecture 2

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Politics and Public Administration
POL 128
Joseph Zboralski

1/22/13 State- institutions of political authority, the only institution that can use force, confiscate your property (e.g. capital punishment). The world is divided into approx. 200 states. Tend to have legal recognition (often members of the UN). States must have 4 elements: 1) Territory (resources, neighbors, etc.) 2) Population (cooperation among citizens, education level, etc.) 3) Sovereignty (independent, self-governing, powerful) Canada’s sovereignty is compromised in that: -It does not have enough power (military) to hold it’s own and defend itself -the majority of Canadian economic decisions are made out side the country by others (it is the only developed country where this is the case) -Canadian culture is virtually the same as american (entertainment, food, etc.) Nation- a group of people with a common identity (usually based on race, religion, ethnicity, language, history, etc.) that draws them together. 1) Nationalism is either ethnic (leads to racism and prejudice) or civic (based on political symbols, ideals) Government- the active part of state (members who get elected), where decisions are made. Must protect the sovereignty, provide education/health care, regulate taxes, pass laws Democracy- ‘Demos’ (greek, meaning ‘people’): government by the people. Two forms: 1) Direct- the people have direct control over the decisions of government (ie. ancient Athens)
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