IAT309w Lecture Notes
Ideology affects your way of thinking: personal, culture, religion, etc.
-there is no single right answer, it’s the way you make your claim
-don’t just assume that your audience already knows, you must explain it
Duality-authorities give you the right answer
Municipality-authorities give you tasks to get to the right answer
Relativism-authorities are still working on getting the right answer
Commitment to relativism
-all options are equally good
-authorities are less interested in the right answer
The elements for the foundation of a research topic
General topic -> specific topic
E.g. video games in education -> specific controversies
Something tangible -> research topic
E.g. Kinect -> physical education
News source -> research topic
Keep your eyes open -> research topic
* Not too narrow or too general as you can only communicate one idea per paragraph
The Three R’s of Research
-are you including the most recent research about your topic?
-would a historical perspective be useful?
Relevance -why am I using this?
-how closely does it relate to your topic?
-who is the author?
-what is the author’s expertise?
-what is the purpose of the document?
-type of source? (scholarly, popular, government, etc.)
Characteristics of a Good Message
Good character-citing sources, establishing good practices
Good will-respect and relationship with your audience
3 Kinds of Dialogue According to Sharples
1) Readers direct response to the text
-critique, analysis, evaluation of text
2) Internal Dialogue-writer anticipates readers
-ask questions to empathize with others
3) Writer’s dialogue with society (culture, discourse community)
-directly through subject matter
-indirectly through language
Sharples Principles to Promote Understanding
Don’t present an unwarranted belief as fact
Provide justification for assertions
Reference the source of ideas
Don’t selectively ignore facts-offer information relevant to the argument
Acknowledge limitations of the argument
Present text in a form that is designed to assist, not mislead the writer