Oct 17 and 19 – Assessment of Motivation
When we only study the environment, we don't give enough credit to the individual
Interactionist Assessment of Motivation
Position: to fully understand motivated behaviour, we need to account for the
interaction between the person and the situation
Research Example – Sheppard and Sorrentino
Used an interactionist paradigm. The best way to understand human behaviour is
understand the characteristics of the persona nd the environment.
Theoretical grounding in “Affiliation Motivation”
• Defined as the “concern over establishing, maintaining, or restoring a
positive affective relationship with another person” (pg. 704) people who are
driven to have positive relationships*** know for exams!
Two types of “affiliation motives”
1.) Approval oriented: the need to gain social approval is stronger than the need
to avoid social rejection (healthy motivation) these people love the
opportunity to form positive relationships. They conform to the opportunity to
have a positive relationship but don't care if they have that positive
2.) Rejection – threatened: the need to avoid social rejection is stronger than the
need to gain social approval (unhealthy motivation). These people are driven
by fear and this can have destructive consequences. They are afraid of being
criticised, singled out and not making relationships with others.
These 2 constructs drive motivated behaviour
• Group/team s