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Lecture 35

ANTH 1220 Lecture 35: Lecture 35

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University of Manitoba
ANTH 1220
Ellen R.Judd

OS82 o C = child H = husband W = wife Types of kin: Consanguines people that you are related to by blood Affines people that you are related to by law Fictive kin people who you consider apart of your family, but who are not Rules of descent: Bilateral descent trace lineage through both mother and father Kindred huge kin group Common in modern industrial and in small foraging societies Unilateral descent Matrilineal trace lineage through mother (father not apart of your kin group) Patrilineal trace lineage through father (mother not apart of your kin group) Common in horticultural, partoralist and agrarian societies Matrilineal and Patrilineal Systems: Matrilineal descent much less prevalent than patrilineal o Concentrated in horticultural societies o Only about 15 of kin groups that have been studied have been matrilineal decent Subsistence plays role in shaping kinship patters, but does not determine them Patrilineal Descent: Most common kinship pattern
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