Class Notes (808,126)
Canada (493,084)
LING 1200 (41)
Lecture 1

LING 1200 Lecture 1: Lecture 1

5 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Manitoba
LING 1200
Erin L.Wilkinson

#1a: The Early History of Experimental Linguistics: − Linguistics: the science of people, what controls what people do and how they think in all aspects of human thoughts and behaviour − Among the older human interests − Among the youngest of the sciences (end of 1800’s) Experimental Linguists: − Conduct scientific research into the rules governing what people do and think − Regular people Clinical Linguists: − Conduct scientific research into the type and causes of maladaptive (=problems in think and behaviour) functioning and mental disorder − Goal: to develop method to help people overcome these problems − Abnormal people Basic Research Linguists: − Conduct scientific research into the rules governing what people do and think, but NOT directly for the purpose of improving society Applied Linguists: − Conduct scientific research aimed at solving everyday problems people face − Applied problem (specific) − Ex: forensic linguistics: how do we organize an environment within a country to reduce the number of crimes committed – linguists that aim to improve society Basic Psychological Research: − Conflicting information: gives clues of how to organize society better (useful for an applied linguist) − Difficulty naming the colour of an inconsistent colour word tells us that people have problems in the face of conflicting information − Knowing this might be applied to making society run better Before Linguistics: − Philosophers attempted to uncover the rules that control what people think and do though: 1. Logic based on personal experience 2. Single-case anecdotes (experiences they had with individuals) − Conclusions drawn not based on evidence collected in a systematic way – theories can develop that have serious consequences − Experimentation is the only was to draw conclusions Phrenology: − Joseph Gall (1758-1828) − Leading pseudoscience − Believed you could measure a person character by the bumps on their head − Different brain areas account for specific character and personality traits − Bigger size of these brain areas means one possesses more of the corresponding trait th − Used into 20 century − Schools used
More Less

Related notes for LING 1200

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.