RS110 Lecture Notes - Seven Laws Of Noah, 613 Commandments, Five Megillot
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The Hebrew Bible
−For any religion, information about it is retrieved from the scriptures. Thus the religions
are known as:
oJudaism The Way of the Torah
oChristianity The Way of the Cross
oIslam The Way of Submission
−For Judaism, the scripture was the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament/Tanakh
oTanakh was made of 3 words: Torah (Law), Neviim (Prohpets), Ketuvim
oThere are 24 books.
Torah Prophets Historical Writings
Basically the 1st five books.
The following are Megilloth –
scrolls, and are read out
during celebrations etc.
−Song of songs
The following books are the
minor prophets are counted
as one book.
−Questions of hermeneutics
oHermeneutics – attempt to interpret precisely the meaning of scripture.
oUnderstanding religion is a hermeneutic task.
oWhat is the importance of authorship?
Initially believed that Moses wrote the first 5 books but not believed that
he may have written it but not in its entirety. What is the importance of
whether or not he may or not have written it?
oNature of text; anthropomorphic language – we can never understand God
because He is on his own level.
oCorrect interpretation is important.
Origins and history
−Creation (Genesis 1-2) creation of man and woman is the most important. God is at the
oEveryone is made in God’s image – there is a degree of personal freedom; we
are rational beings.
−Fall of humanity (Genesis 3-4 In Judaism, sin is not an original sin. It is merely
disobedience against God’s commandments.
−Covenant with Abraham
oGod is the one that initiated the covenant with Abraham, not the other way
oHe was living in a city called Ur, where there were many seminomadic families
living there, and migrated to Haran and then to Palestine then to Egypt according
to God’s commands.
−The Patriarchs: Abraham, Isaac, Jacob
oAbraham also had a son called Ishmael, who plays a big role in Islam
oThe 12 sons of Jacob are the ones that went to Egypt.
oJoseph was the youngest son of Jacob and his brothers sold him to Egyptians.
oIsrael as a nation ended up in Egypt.
−Slavery in/exodus from Egypt
For any religion, information about it is retrieved from the scriptures. Thus the religions are known as: judaism the way of the torah, christianity the way of the cross, islam the way of submission. For judaism, the scripture was the hebrew bible/old testament/tanakh: tanakh was made of 3 words: torah (law), neviim (prohpets), ketuvim (writings, there are 24 books. The following are megilloth scrolls, and are read out during celebrations etc. The following books are the minor prophets are counted as one book. Initially believed that moses wrote the first 5 books but not believed that he may have written it but not in its entirety. What is the importance of whether or not he may or not have written it: nature of text; anthropomorphic language we can never understand god because he is on his own level, correct interpretation is important. Creation (genesis 1-2) creation of man and woman is the most important.