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Lecture #2-Industrialization and the Theories of Inequality

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University of Toronto Mississauga
Paul Armstrong

Industrialization and the Theories of Inequality SLIDE 2 -Industrial revolution brought about changes within social order. Enclosure Movement -political and economic movement, whereby landlordslords would take their little parcels of land that peasants depended on and put them together, and claimed rights to the property. -Political because for the first time we see legal ownershiprights to land, therefore it becomes a commodity because it can be bought and sold. -Economic because at the time wool was a valuable commodity in the world. They created large areas of land for sheep to be raised, and the more sheep you raised was the more wool you had. Also there was a large creation of landless population moving into urban areas. It changes the way that land is owned and used. Free Market -This is an ideological aspect -In fuel times, market never played a big role -Production is now geared towards and made for the market -Things changed such as what to produce, how to produce, how much to produce -free market entails the breaking down of social classes and individuality (the new things that people are producing, how they are doing it, money, etc) Technology -Printing press allowed mass production of writing -Travel opened up new markets (technology opens up new geographic markets) -Manufacturing Free trade is a system in which goods, capital, and labor flow freely between nations, without barriers which could hinder the trade process. SLIDE 3 French Revolution (late 1700s) -These ideas brought great levels of disorder, chaos, instability -It had political and economic features, which lead to the deteriation of privileges in France (clergy). -Bourgeois (middle class people) demanded equality, liberty, and fraternity during the French revolution, and sought to have these rights guaranteed universally so that they applied to everyone -England and the early industrial society was going through changes -These brought about social differences that were highly visible -There was a lack of legitimating for the distribution of resources, and a lack of social control Workers question why the masses of inequality exist Marx looked at this (inequality and capitalism)
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