Crime and Delinquency: SOC307
Lecture Two: January 12 2011
Scientific Approach to the World
Sociologist and Criminologist want to understand both the social and natural world.
Within sociology there is a scientific way to understand the world.
Criminology is the scientific approach to the study of crime and deviance.
Crime is a form of human behaviour
Criminology is based on different forms of human behaviours.
There are both good and bad types of human behaviours.
Example: Sexual behaviour, deviant behaviour, ect.
Methodic Investigation: you follow a method when conducting science.
A number of procedures are followed in order to carry out
You go from point A to point B to point C.
Rule- Bound: Certain rules must be followed…
1. Data Collection
2. Hypotheses Testing
3. Formulating Theory, ect.
(These all have rule-bounds that need to be followed).
Example: Biology, physics, chemistry.
The method which is followed, makes something scientific in nature
Science is about MEASUREMENT
REPETITON IS WITHIN SCIENCE.
SCIENCE IS NOT HAPHAZARD
Other ways to Approach Phenomena’s
1. Religious Approach ( Pre-scientific/unscientific)
Humans have tried to use religion as a way to explain everything.
Premises of all religions
Assumption one: There are supernatural forces beyond ordinary human
powers (demons, gods, angels, spirts…)
Assumption Two: These supernatural forces try to intervene In both natural and
Assumption Three: The control of these supernatural forces could be direct and
indirect on humans and animals.
Assumption Four: Some of the supernatural forces are for good actions and
some are for bad(evil) actions.
** Some people claim that some of our crimes and deviance comes
from evil supernatural forces**