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28 Jan 2011
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Crime and Delinquency: SOC307
Lecture Four: January 26. 2011
1
PSYCHOANALYSIS
๎€ The analysis of the PSYCHE ( Freuds โ€œIce bergโ€ model
๎€ Freud wanted to convey that we only see a quarter of the human mind.
๎€The PSYCHE is divided into three components
a. ID
b. EGO
c. SUPEREGO
๎€ Mental Life: The activity and interaction of these three components
The ID
๎€ Unconscious
๎€ Individual is not aware of it
๎€ Instinctual desires: agreesive impulses, needs (food and sex)
๎€ Control: Thoughts and feelings of the individual
๎€ Present at Birth
๎€The ID is a immaterial entity, which is external to us.
๎€ The ID is ruled by pleasure and pain principle
๎€‚ Maximization of pleasure, and minimize of pain
๎€The ID wants Immediate gratification.
๎€ A newborn baby is completely controlled by the ID
๎€ The ID will not take โ€œnoโ€ for an answer
๎€‚ Eg: A baby crying will not take NO for an answer
๎€ The ID is a Repository of:
1. Repressed thoughts and memories (we censor them to the ID)
2. Person is averse to knowing consciously
3. Socially Unacceptable ideas, wishes or desires
4. Traumatic memories, and painful emotions.
๎€ Unconscious is a force that expresses itself. It expresses itself via:
a. Dreams
b. Behaviour
c. Emotions
d. Speech
THE EGO
๎€ APART OF THE ID.
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Crime and Delinquency: SOC307
Lecture Four: January 26. 2011
2
๎€ The ego is interconnected with the ID.
๎€ Modified by the direct influence of the external world.
๎€ The organized and realistic part of the psyche.
๎€Represents: reason, rationality, commonsense.
๎€ Ego controls the ID.
๎€ The EGO is a mediator between the ID, the Super-ego, and the
external world.
๎€ The Ego finds a balance between:
a. IDโ€™s passions
b. Demands for reality
c. Moral demands superego
๎€ The main concern of the EGO:
๎€‚ Safe satisfaction of the IDโ€™s desires
๎€‚ Concerned with consequences of actions
๎€‚ Operates based on reality principle
a. It takes in the external world and its limitations into
consideration.
๎€‚ loyal to the ID.
๎€ The EGO glosses over the Iโ€™Ds wrong doings, justifies them, and
pretends to have a
regard for reality.
๎€‚ In many ways, the EGO is a lawyer and the ID is the criminal
๎€ The EGO uses a cost-benefit analysis.
EGO: REALITY PRINCIPLE
๎€ Uncontrolled expression of ID brings about punishment
๎€ Ego is immoral
๎€ EGO does not want the ID to be punished.
SUPEREGO
๎€ Mainly unconscious
๎€ The consciousness of morality, right/wrong, good/bad.
๎€‚ We are NOT born with our superego, instead it is learned
๎€‚ It becomes a part of our personality
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Crime and Delinquency: SOC307
Lecture Four: January 26. 2011
3
๎€ Criticizes and prohibits the ego
๎€ Punishes the EGO with feelings of anxiety and guilt
๎€created via socialization
๎€‚ Internalized social rules and expectations.
๎€ The external reality is a limitation on the EGO.
PSYCHOANALYTICAL EXPLANATION OF CRIME
๎€ The EGO realizes it can avoid external punishment
๎€‚Example: Weak institutions (police, court, tax rules, ect).
๎€‚ Only punishment can limit the ego from doing what the ID wants.
๎€‚ The โ€œIDโ€ may tell the EGO to cheat and the ego may do it when no one is
looking.
However, if there is a punishment the EGO will not do it.
๎€ A Weak Superego is due to improper internalizations of social rules
๎€‚ Improper internalization of social rules is due to:
a. Lack of supervision
b. Improper parental supervision
c. Due to other authority figures
CHILDHOOD AND MORAL DEVELOPMENT
๎€ Psychoanalytic theory looks at childhood as a crucial stage for moral
development
๎€‚ This contributes to a internal policing within the SUPER EGO to tell us
what is morally
right/wrong.
๎€ When the super ego is developed (then moral development has occurred).
FRUSTURATED-AGRESSION THEORY
๎€ When we have expectations and donโ€™t get what we want we get frustrated.
eg: When you study a lot for a test, you expect to get a good
grade. When you
get a bad grade you are frustrated hence this leads to
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Document Summary

the analysis of the psyche ( freuds ice berg model. f reud wanted to convey that we only see a quarter of the human mind. mental life: the activity and interaction of these three components. instinctual desires: agreesive impulses, needs (food and sex) control: thoughts and feelings of the individual. the id is a immaterial entity, which is external to us. the i d is ruled by pleasure and pain principle. maximization of pleasure, and minimize of pain. a newborn baby is completely controlled by the id. the id will not take no for an answer. eg: a baby crying will not take no for an answer. the id is a repository of: repressed thoughts and memories (we censor them to the id, person is averse to knowing consciously, socially unacceptable ideas, wishes or desires, t raumatic memories, and painful emotions. unconscious is a force that expresses itself.

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