Class Notes (904,357)
CA (538,249)
UTM (24,799)
SOC (4,149)
SOC307H5 (49)
Lecture

Lecture 4

9 Pages
115 Views

Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOC307H5
Professor
Reza Barmaki

This preview shows pages 1-3. Sign up to view the full 9 pages of the document.
Crime and Delinquency: SOC307
Lecture Four: January 26. 2011
1
PSYCHOANALYSIS
The analysis of the PSYCHE ( Freuds Ice berg model
Freud wanted to convey that we only see a quarter of the human mind.
The PSYCHE is divided into three components
a. ID
b. EGO
c. SUPEREGO
Mental Life: The activity and interaction of these three components
The ID
Unconscious
Individual is not aware of it
Instinctual desires: agreesive impulses, needs (food and sex)
Control: Thoughts and feelings of the individual
Present at Birth
The ID is a immaterial entity, which is external to us.
The ID is ruled by pleasure and pain principle
Maximization of pleasure, and minimize of pain
The ID wants Immediate gratification.
A newborn baby is completely controlled by the ID
The ID will not take no for an answer
Eg: A baby crying will not take NO for an answer
The ID is a Repository of:
1. Repressed thoughts and memories (we censor them to the ID)
2. Person is averse to knowing consciously
3. Socially Unacceptable ideas, wishes or desires
4. Traumatic memories, and painful emotions.
Unconscious is a force that expresses itself. It expresses itself via:
a. Dreams
b. Behaviour
c. Emotions
d. Speech
THE EGO
APART OF THE ID.
www.notesolution.com
Crime and Delinquency: SOC307
Lecture Four: January 26. 2011
2
The ego is interconnected with the ID.
Modified by the direct influence of the external world.
The organized and realistic part of the psyche.
Represents: reason, rationality, commonsense.
Ego controls the ID.
The EGO is a mediator between the ID, the Super-ego, and the
external world.
The Ego finds a balance between:
a. IDs passions
b. Demands for reality
c. Moral demands superego
The main concern of the EGO:
Safe satisfaction of the IDs desires
Concerned with consequences of actions
Operates based on reality principle
a. It takes in the external world and its limitations into
consideration.
loyal to the ID.
The EGO glosses over the IDs wrong doings, justifies them, and
pretends to have a
regard for reality.
In many ways, the EGO is a lawyer and the ID is the criminal
The EGO uses a cost-benefit analysis.
EGO: REALITY PRINCIPLE
Uncontrolled expression of ID brings about punishment
Ego is immoral
EGO does not want the ID to be punished.
SUPEREGO
Mainly unconscious
The consciousness of morality, right/wrong, good/bad.
We are NOT born with our superego, instead it is learned
It becomes a part of our personality
www.notesolution.com
Crime and Delinquency: SOC307
Lecture Four: January 26. 2011
3
Criticizes and prohibits the ego
Punishes the EGO with feelings of anxiety and guilt
created via socialization
Internalized social rules and expectations.
The external reality is a limitation on the EGO.
PSYCHOANALYTICAL EXPLANATION OF CRIME
The EGO realizes it can avoid external punishment
Example: Weak institutions (police, court, tax rules, ect).
Only punishment can limit the ego from doing what the ID wants.
The ID may tell the EGO to cheat and the ego may do it when no one is
looking.
However, if there is a punishment the EGO will not do it.
A Weak Superego is due to improper internalizations of social rules
Improper internalization of social rules is due to:
a. Lack of supervision
b. Improper parental supervision
c. Due to other authority figures
CHILDHOOD AND MORAL DEVELOPMENT
Psychoanalytic theory looks at childhood as a crucial stage for moral
development
This contributes to a internal policing within the SUPER EGO to tell us
what is morally
right/wrong.
When the super ego is developed (then moral development has occurred).
FRUSTURATED-AGRESSION THEORY
When we have expectations and dont get what we want we get frustrated.
eg: When you study a lot for a test, you expect to get a good
grade. When you
get a bad grade you are frustrated hence this leads to
www.notesolution.com

Loved by over 2.2 million students

Over 90% improved by at least one letter grade.

Leah — University of Toronto

OneClass has been such a huge help in my studies at UofT especially since I am a transfer student. OneClass is the study buddy I never had before and definitely gives me the extra push to get from a B to an A!

Leah — University of Toronto
Saarim — University of Michigan

Balancing social life With academics can be difficult, that is why I'm so glad that OneClass is out there where I can find the top notes for all of my classes. Now I can be the all-star student I want to be.

Saarim — University of Michigan
Jenna — University of Wisconsin

As a college student living on a college budget, I love how easy it is to earn gift cards just by submitting my notes.

Jenna — University of Wisconsin
Anne — University of California

OneClass has allowed me to catch up with my most difficult course! #lifesaver

Anne — University of California
Description
Crime and Delinquency: SOC307 Lecture Four: January 26. 2011 1 PSYCHOANALYSIS The analysis of the PSYCHE ( Freuds Ice berg model Freud wanted to convey that we only see a quarter of the human mind. The PSYCHE is divided into three components a. ID b. EGO c. SUPEREGO Mental Life: The activity and interaction of these three components The ID Unconscious Individual is not aware of it Instinctual desires: agreesive impulses, needs (food and sex) Control: Thoughts and feelings of the individual Present at Birth The ID is a immaterial entity, which is external to us. The ID is ruled by pleasure and pain principle Maximization of pleasure, and minimize of pain The ID wants Immediate gratification. A newborn baby is completely controlled by the ID The ID will nottake no for an answer Eg: A baby crying will not take NO for an answer The ID is a Repository of: 1. Repressed thoughts and memories (we censor them to the ID) 2. Person is averse to knowing consciously 3. Socially Unacceptable ideas, wishes or desires 4. Traumatic memories, and painful emotions. Unconscious is a force that expresses itself. It expresses itself via: a. Dreams b. Behaviour c. Emotions d. Speech THE EGO APART OF THE ID. www.notesolution.com
More Less
Unlock Document


Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit