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Lecture

Lecture 4

, Winter 2011
9 pages115 viewsWinter

Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOC307H5
Professor
Reza Barmaki

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Crime and Delinquency: SOC307
Lecture Four: January 26. 2011
1
PSYCHOANALYSIS
The analysis of the PSYCHE ( Freuds Ice berg model
Freud wanted to convey that we only see a quarter of the human mind.
The PSYCHE is divided into three components
a. ID
b. EGO
c. SUPEREGO
Mental Life: The activity and interaction of these three components
The ID
Unconscious
Individual is not aware of it
Instinctual desires: agreesive impulses, needs (food and sex)
Control: Thoughts and feelings of the individual
Present at Birth
The ID is a immaterial entity, which is external to us.
The ID is ruled by pleasure and pain principle
Maximization of pleasure, and minimize of pain
The ID wants Immediate gratification.
A newborn baby is completely controlled by the ID
The ID will not take no for an answer
Eg: A baby crying will not take NO for an answer
The ID is a Repository of:
1. Repressed thoughts and memories (we censor them to the ID)
2. Person is averse to knowing consciously
3. Socially Unacceptable ideas, wishes or desires
4. Traumatic memories, and painful emotions.
Unconscious is a force that expresses itself. It expresses itself via:
a. Dreams
b. Behaviour
c. Emotions
d. Speech
THE EGO
APART OF THE ID.
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Crime and Delinquency: SOC307
Lecture Four: January 26. 2011
2
The ego is interconnected with the ID.
Modified by the direct influence of the external world.
The organized and realistic part of the psyche.
Represents: reason, rationality, commonsense.
Ego controls the ID.
The EGO is a mediator between the ID, the Super-ego, and the
external world.
The Ego finds a balance between:
a. IDs passions
b. Demands for reality
c. Moral demands superego
The main concern of the EGO:
Safe satisfaction of the IDs desires
Concerned with consequences of actions
Operates based on reality principle
a. It takes in the external world and its limitations into
consideration.
loyal to the ID.
The EGO glosses over the IDs wrong doings, justifies them, and
pretends to have a
regard for reality.
In many ways, the EGO is a lawyer and the ID is the criminal
The EGO uses a cost-benefit analysis.
EGO: REALITY PRINCIPLE
Uncontrolled expression of ID brings about punishment
Ego is immoral
EGO does not want the ID to be punished.
SUPEREGO
Mainly unconscious
The consciousness of morality, right/wrong, good/bad.
We are NOT born with our superego, instead it is learned
It becomes a part of our personality
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Crime and Delinquency: SOC307
Lecture Four: January 26. 2011
3
Criticizes and prohibits the ego
Punishes the EGO with feelings of anxiety and guilt
created via socialization
Internalized social rules and expectations.
The external reality is a limitation on the EGO.
PSYCHOANALYTICAL EXPLANATION OF CRIME
The EGO realizes it can avoid external punishment
Example: Weak institutions (police, court, tax rules, ect).
Only punishment can limit the ego from doing what the ID wants.
The ID may tell the EGO to cheat and the ego may do it when no one is
looking.
However, if there is a punishment the EGO will not do it.
A Weak Superego is due to improper internalizations of social rules
Improper internalization of social rules is due to:
a. Lack of supervision
b. Improper parental supervision
c. Due to other authority figures
CHILDHOOD AND MORAL DEVELOPMENT
Psychoanalytic theory looks at childhood as a crucial stage for moral
development
This contributes to a internal policing within the SUPER EGO to tell us
what is morally
right/wrong.
When the super ego is developed (then moral development has occurred).
FRUSTURATED-AGRESSION THEORY
When we have expectations and dont get what we want we get frustrated.
eg: When you study a lot for a test, you expect to get a good
grade. When you
get a bad grade you are frustrated hence this leads to
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