ANTA02H3 Lecture Notes - Emic And Etic, Iroquois Kinship, Endogamy

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9 Apr 2011
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Lecture Four: Relatives and Relationships – February
8, 2011
Kinship
Relations of decent or marriage
Links modes of production, modes of reproduction, and ideology
Determines social organization
oMarriage
oJobs
oStatus in society
Study of kinship looks at who is related to who and how they are related
Blood relations vs. situational relations
oEmphasis on blood relationships in Western society
oNot universally the case
Kinship Systems and Symbols
Combination of relationships and the behaviour patterns associated with
them
Every kinship diagram has an 'ego'
oStarting point on the diagram
oOften a square, but can be gendered
oNames/definitions are given names based on their relationship to the
ego
Etic vs. Emic
Outsider (Etic) vs. Insider (Emic) point of view
Unilineal Descent
Recognizes/emphasises decent only on one side of the family (either father or
mother)
Practiced by 60% of the population
Patrilineal/matrilineal
Definitions
Endogamy: must marry into ones own group; opposite of exogamy
Affinal kin: related through marriage(Spouse and in-laws)
Consanguine kin: related through blood ties
Fictive kinship (iemilk kin): Not related through blood or marriage
but who are treated like kin
Brideprice: wealth given from groom’s family to brides family
Paternity as a Cultural Construct
Before we learned about the egg and the sperm
oMen beget children; women nurture seed
Men are primary creators; women play a secondary role
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