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Lecture 11

Lecture 11.doc

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Maggie Cummings

Lecture 11-In Search of Respect: Race, Class and Gender & The Politics of Representation Key terms/themes □ Gender and the search for respect □ Women’s liberation or traditional femininity? □ Politics of representation □ Applied anthropology □ Nancy Scheper-Hughes □ Bourgois’s recommendations □ Since 1995—what has changed, what hasn’t and why? Who remains most vulnerable? Gender and the search for respect □ The search for respect is also a search for a viable form of masculinity □ Marginalized urban men can’t replicate rural ideals of masculinity and family structure □ -they retreat into the drug economy because they are unable to replicate their rural ideals of masculinity □ -the predatory nature of sexual aggression □ -these are ways of gaining respect □ - they want to be able to control and support but can and therefore lash out □ -pg 158. Their search for respect is undermined because they can’t get a job and can’t earn the respect. They feel vulnerable. They deny their vulnerability by lashing out at ppl that are vulnerable so that they can gain the respect that they need □ -they lash out at women and children □ Street economy is misogynist, and glorifies sexual conquest, sex crimes, and paternal abandonment □ Street culture as denial of vulnerability □ -gender is a relationship. U need both masculine and feminine □ -women in el barrio were trying to gain freedom. The women were no longer content to stay home Women and the search for respect □ Gender is a relationship □ What structures constrain women’s lives? □ What kind of agency do they exercise? □ How do women carve out rights for themselves in the public domain while at the same time trying to maintain traditional households? Candy’s story □ Candy as exceptional; Candy as typical □ Candy’s search for respect □ Inverting patriarchy—why does it fail? □ -candy calls it an attack of nerves □ -she says they were mugged by black guys and the police believe them □ - Finally they both get jobs in the legal economy. Felix has never beat candy since she shot him □ -women search for dignity is just as difficult as men □ -candy temporarily crosses gender line □ -she is similar to the men when working on the street because she ignores her children, she blames women for the men anger, she flaunts her sexual relationship. □ -she makes fun primo in front of his new girlfriend this shows candys masculinity □ Traditional femininity □ Jealousy and romantic love as agency that also reinforces the patriarchal family □ Structural constraints—welfare and incarceration □ -when she shoots Felix she actually portrays traditional womanhood. □ -she feels she did what any women would do in her situation □ -she shoots him because she is consumed by jealousy □ -Felix has gone against cultural norms by sleeping with her sisters □ -she is trying to set things right by shooting her husband □ -things turn out to work for both of them at the end □ -it’s a culture bound disease. An attack of nerves. □ -she sees herself as portraying traditional p.r activity □ -when she falls in love with Primo its a way for her to escape her problems □ -she says Primo is the one who saves her. Its a traditional feminine way □ -she becomes masculine but she stays traditional □ -the legal system and the welfare system is always on their back □ -strong incentive to become a teenage mother because u move higher up on the welfare. Add in the fact that culturally it’s important to have many children. Lead to teenage girls hav
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