ENGB35H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Thesis Statement, John Locke, Culture Of The United Kingdom

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18 Apr 2012
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Don’t describe what is in the books. Analyze the evidence instead of describing.
Anchoring argument is incisive and engaging
Make sure the thesis statement is precise: “Disobedience is crucial to these novels: it enables
the protagonists to define themselves, to get rich, and to share in the happy ending of the adventure
story” is far too broad. A thesis statement does not involve three points. Choose one of these ideas and
formulate a more focussed argument.
Revisit your thesis statement after you’ve worked out the “meat” of the essay and explored the
implications of your evidence. This will ensure that it encapsulates the significance of your discussion.
Should be anticipating objections
make sure you are signposting the points
Robinson Crusoe
Puritan/moral
Lockean
Idea that land is yours when you put labour into it
Proto-romantic
Colonialism
James Joyce
All of the ideas work together
Robinson Crusoe is the true British conquest personified
The footprint
Fantasy of the empty land
Plantation labor in full swing by the beginning of the 18th century
speaks about the power of text
It is the fantasy of the white man creating an island of their own
O It is the romanticism
Friday is astonished by Crusoe’s gun
O it is again a fantasy
O everyone in Africa had been familiar with European guns by that time
O it contributes to this stealthy idea of Crusoe’s superiority
O that he has technology on his side
End of chapter 7
“by now I come to a new scene in my life”
comes across footprint which means he is no alone
His reaction to footprint followed by cannibals
pg. 126
O whoever it belongs to is either going to eat him or steal all of his crops
o none of the people have any intention of that
o self fufiling prophecy
lonely for company and he does keep talking about wanting a companion
yet the sign of others horrifies him
talks about his enemy as if it is the devil
chapter 9 evidence of cannibalism
o I believe the reader….
narrative point about the address to the reader asking for the sympathy
there is no attempt at transparency, the narrator is presenting the facts in a particular way
reminds you that he is a writer and author as well as the survivor of being marooned
Leviathan
state is to be found in north American
another European contrast of savagery and European civilization
as soon as there is a sign of someone else it all comes to a stop
his only concern is to safe guard himself
“laments being in a state of nature”
moves from asserting his mastery over the island to asserting his mastery to people
o Friday, savages, Spaniards and pirates
Hobbes’s state of nature vs. Rousseau’s
Process of responding to the cannibals”
moral repulsion
disturbs the nice security at the top of the food chain
cultural nightmare
o later Friday gives us a different perspective on cannibalism
o 135-141
inhumane hellish brutality and the horror in the degeneracy of human nature
the ‘other’ is immediately characterized in these specific, religious terms
o 165
thanks god for being born in to an English British culture
o 135
‘thanks that had cast him in a part of a world that has made him distinguished’