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Lecture

The Longman Anthology of Women.docx

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Department
English
Course
ENGC54H3
Professor
Natalie Rose
Semester
Winter

Description
The Longman Anthology of Women’s Literature Stories Notes A Room of One’s Own by Wolf  Wolf argues that women and fiction remain two unsolved problems  Wolf say that for a women to write she needs a room and money  Wolf goes to a party and then describes her surroundings In Search of Our Mother’s Gardens by Walker  The story is about all the black female writer whose literary work has gone unnoticed  Phillis Wheatley-a poet who was rescued from Africa, because she used her poetry skill she was thrusted into the world of slavery and that lead her to losing her health  She penniless, friendless, and freedom less and had to work even in bad health for several children  Her poetry and singing voice was ignored by the dominating white class  Reference to Virginia Wolf’ A Room of One Own pg 329  Gardening is linked to being a writer  The author describes that her mother real artistic side used to come when she used plant or do gardening Talking Back by Hooks  Its about the author herself of how she describes that she was discourages to talk back because she was a girl  Having a speech is suitable for a boy yet for a girl was a way to get punishment in return  The idea of suppressing the women’s speech  In the world of women she found a speech for herself not in the world of men  Holding onto your speech or your writing pushes you into the world of silence and secrecy  The talk for a girl itself is form of silence since the way boys and girls are taught is different  The author calls upon those women who have been criticized heavily for their writing to break out of the shell of defeat and to come forward and resist the political domination again and again until the system changes its way A Journey by Wharton  The story is about a couple who are in a journey where the wife is travelling to get her husband health back in shape  The wife narrates her marriage life and how because of her husband illness she has missed on most of the good moments of her wedding 1  She can’t describe as to whether she feels loves for him, sympathy for him or does she feel angry over the fact that because of him her life is scattered  In a way she says that his illness came upon her and that’s why life seems so bitter her now, because she feels misery all around her  The husband is described as a body who is only breathing other than that there is no other movement  The journey is toward New York and the wife almost wishes that her husband gets well so she can enjoy the New York city enthusiasm, because his illness puts a strain on her happiness  Its almost wishing that her husband wouldn’t exist with her once she reached New York  She has allusion about her future plans for next year and is ignoring that her husband may not even live  She convinces herself that once they reach home, she will begin to see him as the man she was when she first married him  Idea of home being the comfort place  The wife finds out that her husband is dead yet she is more concerned on how she will look with a dead body with her  She feels sympathy for herself once her husband dies as she feels that her husband has suddenly has become a burden that she wants to get rid of  In a way when you read the story you almost feel that the wife is the one who killed her husband and that she is trying to hide her crime No-Name Woman by Kingston  The story is about a girl whose mother tells her the story of her aunt had given birth to a child of another man, and not her husband and how she had jumped into the well and had committed suicide  The mother warns the girls as that she shouldn’t bring shame to the family like her aunt  The mother says not to mention the aunt names as it will bring memories back  The notion of no-name woman- the idea of something being so dreadful that its bad to give it a name  The story is about warning, of not following the same path and how history can repeat itself  The story is told about a Chinese woman  The aunt ghost haunts the girl, and the girl dedicates her story to her aunt  The aunt gave birth to baby girl and killed the baby too with herself as she believed that if it was a boy it would be forgiven  What actually killed the aunt was the family neglecting her and speaking to her as if she was never born 2  The aunt only exists in the girl life through the form of a story other than that the aunt just seems like a character of a book  The aunt has no identity of herself not even through the form of a name  Forbidden Sex-the aunt never mentions the name of the father of the child The Yellow Wallpaper by Gilman  The narrator describes her story of her and her husband John  John is described as person who is very practical  The narrator says that her husband doesn’t believe that she is sick yet ironically other people believe that she is sick and she shouldn’t work  The narrator herself disagrees and wants to work, because she thinks that will bring change, yet she still follows the advice of the physicians when it comes to not working  She is agree and disagree at the same topic at the same time...change of mind  Idea that ignorance is bliss she doesn’t want to write about gloomy things because it will upset her mood  The imagery and the wallpaper is associated with sin  The author describes herself to be suffering and believes herself to be nervous about life  Her fancies is describes as her weakness, in other sense her own imagination is being stopped by her husband  Out of nowhere is the mention of a baby  John calls her little girl in pg 269  John and his wife share a more father-child type relationship  The daughter seems to be more authoritative than her mom, because she gets mad when her mom questions her about the yellow wallpaper  The yellow wallpaper is believed to be changing colours Seventeen Syllables by Yamamoto  Rosie the main character in the beginning of the story finds out that her mother has taken a fancy to writing poetry  Her mother doesn’t English much, so she writes in Japanese- her stories  Haiku- a poem which in all meanings are packed in seventeen syllables  The mother and father share a dysfunctional relationship  Jesus the character who likes Rosie- reference to the Son of God  In the end Rosie mother makes her promise to never marry and it’s also revealed that Rosie has a half brother  In the end its almost as if Rosie wants to get rid of her mother  Rosie father is given the hint that he doesn’t like his wife obsession with writing  Rosie mother narrates her own life story almost as if she has memorized it by heart and that she is retelling it to someone as a story 3  The burning of the picture- symbolism of cremation The Blank Page by Dinesen  You writing and imaginations starts when you see a blank page  The author is trying to argue that storytelling or writing requires a skill which has been lost by sometime and therefore writers now don’t know the art of a writing a story  The author goes as far to crticiszee that artist of nowdays don’t anything about writing a story  The author also argues for people who are in writing to give some recognition to the blank page as to that’s the place where the desire to write starts from  The emphasis on blank page since we never actually acknowledge the importance of a blank page when actually all of our ideas start from there The Toilet by Mhlophe  The narrator finds that when she is in the toilet she can write like a writer and the toilet is the place where she can write all her ideas down in a notebook  In the end the toilet becomes the public property again before it was just used to belong to the speaker only  The toilet represents the domestic sphere in the beginning of the story yet towards the end of the story the toilet becomes the public sphere  The narrator in the end is almost free in the sense that she is just not bound to write a story in the toilet, she comes out that toilet into the open and works on her writing  The toilet is almost like a shell in which the narrator feels safe from the outside and where she can focus on the goal she has in mind  To the narrator the toilet is the place where she it is the first step towards where she can come close to finding her way in the literature world Patriarchal Poetry by Stein  The poetry suggest the idea of changing women’s wording when it comes to poetry so it can look more feminine  The idea that feminist poetry should be original and shouldn’t be edited to make it look that a woman wrote it  The author argues you to be yourself when it comes to writing and to not follow the society ideal thinking on how a woman should write  The poem describes the struggle for women of earlier times when they couldn’t be even in original in their work Culture and Anarchy by Rich 4  In the poem the author is sending the message to the extent that women have suffered when it comes to literature  The Suffering of Humans, the most names that would be mentioned would be women since most of their literature was ridiculed  Women have been calling out for help since centuries but apparently their voice of suffering has not been given any value  The poem touches upon those women authors whose works have been ignored due to the narrow minded thinking of the society  The poem also acknowledges how women struggled to make a name for themselves through their writing yet how few were successful in that Snapshots of a Daughter-in-Law by Rich  Idea of women being associated with nature  Idea that women are in cage and everything for her begins with a male  The daughter-in-law being caged from dawn till night and weeping softly  The poem also shows the misery of a woman who is not happy being a daughter-in-law  The sons never suffered it’’ shows that women take all the suffering in the end  The ideal image of what a daughter-in-law means to be, and the picture is actually not pleasant  The author requests the women not to lose hope since the time will come for them as well Diving into the Wreck by Rich  The poem touches upon the idea of coming back and not losing hope  The poem mentions how women writing is almost diving into the wreck since you don’t gain anything out of it  Women have been doing this for centuries and in literature for women space is very limited  The poem shows confusion when it mentions ‘’I am he, I am she’’ idea of confusion and being trapped in two bodies at the same time  The poem almost seems like an accident which is about to happen Journey Towards Poetry by Sarton  A type of exploration to discover poetry, where its almost feels that the speaker is comparing the journey by a car  Mention of nature in the poem, and the word hill shows that the journey toward poetry in journal is a rough ride since hill are bumpy and the ride in the hill is rough  Idea of hierarchy in the mention of creation, and the also the mention of stillness, and soul which shows the idea of death or doomsday 5  The poem begins from a landscape and end on a landscape, idea of going into a circle and coming back to the same place The Muse of Medusa by Sarton  The Medusa talks about herself in the poem  Lots of imagery in the poem  ‘’Dangerous Sea’’ idea to show the power of nature or water  ‘’Your silence is my ocean-metaphor, and in the sense it’s ironic, since oceans are never silence, and here silence is being compared with an ocean Of the Muse by Sarton  The speaker has a very negative tone when it comes to poetry and says that in literature poetry is lost and over time it will gets its place back  This could be a reference on that women’s poetry never got the same appreciation as men  The speaker says ‘’when I was young, I misunderstood the muse’’ sense of illusion, and the sense that in childhood everything seems much easier and that you could accomplish everything in the world its when you grow up that you realize that not everything, is easy as it seems  ‘’All things are made new’’ being reborn  ‘’Because of pride, would not allow myself, the impossible’’ the speaker is almost saying that she won’t change just because time has changed  The poem is about where poetry stand today and how it changed over time for women poets From the Dressing Room by Mcguckian  In the beginning of the poem we see that speaker starts talking about the future and means that that there will be time when women will get the same recognition for their writing as men Line 1-2  ‘’Letter of farewell’’ this quote shows that someone is about to leave  In the last part of the poem the speaker speaks almost if there is ghost The Disquieting Muses by Plath  The poem is about the death of Slvyia Plath’s mom and later moves on to Plath’s depression  Towards the end of the poem Plath is talking about her own death and how she suffers everyday to end her own life  In the beginning of the poem Plath describes her childhood which mostly is described as being horrific and scary for Plath 6  Lines 39-40 Sylvia blames her mom on how she never taught her anything and this could indicate that she is blaming her mother for dying so quickly and leaving her all alone in the world where she suffers everyday  The shift in the poem is how Sylvia first talks about the childhood memories, and then it goes to her bad experience and then about her incapability to survive in the world and then to the death of her mother and then in last she talks about her she wants to end her own life  In the poem we see this transition and tone change in every stanza, almost like how Sylvia couldn’t hold onto her life, we see the reflection of that in her poem where she is also losing control of the stanza and the flow of the poem  The fact that poem is so confusing represents how messed up Plath life actually was  ‘’Faces blank as the day I was born’’ interesting line in the poem in the sense that Plath is talking about a still face not moving at all, the same like when you are dead  The line could also mean having no expression which again leads us to thinking, that not expressing any emotion and having that straight face all the time My Muse by Smith  Poem is very short  The speaker calls upon that writing is not worth it cause it doesn’t get the appreciation it deserves  In the beginning of the poem we get a sense that the speaker is almost talking about the writing itself on how it always comes out to be depressing therefore the speaker rather not write it  ‘’No word she says is ever told’’ means that because women literature has been criticized so much and that before women writing was rejected, so here the author is referring that women writing has never gotten the recognition it deserved Thoughts About the Person by Porlock  The poem starts with the speaker describing another person someone whom the speaker knows very well yet has no contact with  The speaker is waiting for that person to come, yet that person never shows up  Lines 13-14, the speaker questions the idea of perfectionism as saying that there is no such thing as that  Towards the last stanza of the poem the speaker shifts to more a religious tone and calls out the message about how precious life is, and that often we tend to neglect life itself which is God’s gift for  In line 51, the speaker gets into a negative tone about how God’s experiment only makes human suffer 7  The last line of the poem leaves the reader for much more question to be asked, almost as if the speaker has to say more on how you could work while you are unconscious, and how can that be positive  The conscious and the unconscious theme in the poem, calling upon the part of the body that controls everything The Muse Mother by Boland  Poem is about a mother and child relationship which is described by an outsider and the speaker also recall the time of his/her childhood  ‘’To belly wheat or a woman’’ idea of being reborn from the mother’s womb- reincarnation Writing in Time of Violence  The poem is from a girl’s point of view and that she is going to write an essay about her nation yet she can’t find words to describe it  In the poem the imagery given shows the idea of how war leaves nothing behind except destruction  ‘’A city of whisper’’ can mean almost like a graveyard where no one can say or hear anything  According to the poem the speaker is talking about Ireland and this could relate back to Irish famine that occurred  Towards the end of the poem lines 37-41, the speaker describes that hate and territory and fight will never and they are waiting always to be strike, it just only takes human speech to make it happen  ‘’Call out their farewells’’ shows that there will always be death when there will be war Inscriptions  The poem emphasis is in how important its to name something  The fact that you name something gives them a new identity almost like the idea of being reborn  The poem starts with an objects point and then suddenly shift to being a voice of an actual person  The poem is actually not clear on who the speaker is in terms of the gender  After line 30, it almost looks like that the poem is referring about a person who is dead and yet can sense everything in his coffin  The word darkness and coffin are closely associated together  It’s ironic how the speaker mention that there is darkness and yet at the same line also mention the word blue, since in darkness there is only blackness and no other colour can be seen 8 Mise Eire by Boland  The poem is about a mother who is coming in terms with her baby’s death  In the last line when the speaker says ‘’ of what went before’’ shows that history repeats itself  The poem tone suggest that it’s based on a war that left much destruction  The speaker keeping giving reference to the past ‘’time is time, past’’  We get to know that who the actual speaker is in line 18 Siren Song by Atwood  The song is a secret song, almost has the sense of misery to it since the speaker mention that whoever has heard it has not been alive  Reference to religious authority  The poem is dedicated for men, and it’s almost as if the speaker wants to tell you a secret about men, that no one knows till today  Women being compared with a bird, animal imagery in the poem  The idea of bird suit-not being yourself and putting another clothing to hide your real self  ‘’others can’t remember it’’ sense of unconscious mind, and here the reference is towards the psychological aspect Eurydice by H.D  In the beginning of the poem the speaker is putting a curse on someone  The mention of hell in every stanza shows the idea of doomsday  The speaker says that you can’t take someone ideas and thoughts from their mind  Towards the end of the poem the author gives the message that she is dead  Instead of wishing to go to heaven, the speaker says that she is going to hell  ‘’Such loss is no loss’’ here the speaker says that she doesn’t actually regret losing her life because she says that ‘’hell is no worse than your earth’’
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