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Lecture 3

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Mark Hunter

September25 2008 1Geographies of DiseaseLecture 3September 25 2008Lecture Outline I Background Define globalization and give examples of previous successes in overcoming disease II Examples of newly emerging diseases HIV lyme ebola III pGlobalization leads to new forms of disease IV greater connections V greater inequalities VI weakening of global institutions VII WHO and the global response VIII pGlobalization is not leading to new forms of diseaseGlobalization and Health Are we entering a new era of disease In the era of globalization are more intensified connections between people and new ways of interacting with the environment leading to newly emerging diseases11 What do we mean by globalization Greater connections between people and placesTurn towards the marketRising inequalitiesGlobalization as internationalization Here globalization is viewed as simply another adjective to describe crossborder relations between countries It describes the growth in international exchange and interdependence With growing flows of trade and capital investment there is the possibility of moving beyond an international economywhere the principle entities are national economies to a stronger versionthe globalized economy in which distinct national economies are subsumed and rearticulated into the system by international processes and transactionsGlobalization as liberalization In this broad set of definitions globalization refers to a process of removing governmentimposed restrictions on movements between countries in order to create an open borderless world economy Those who have argued with some success for the abolition of regulatory trade barriers and capital controls have sometimes clothed this in the mantle of globalizationGlobalization as universalization In this use global is used in the sense of being worldwide and globalization is the process of spreading various objects and experiences to people at all corners of the earth A classic example of this would be the spread of computing television etcGlobalization as westernization or modernization especially in an Americanized form Here globalization is understood as a dynamic whereby the social structures of modernity capitalism rationalism industrialism bureaucratism etc are spread the world over normally destroying preexistent cultures and local selfdetermination in the process Globalization as deterritorialization or as the spread of supraterritoriality Here globalization entails a reconfiguration of geography so that social space is no longer wholly mapped in terms of territorial places territorial distances and territorial borders Professor Hunter notes globalization can be looked asthe intensification of worldwide social relations which link distant localities in such a way that local happenings are shaped by events occurring many miles away and vice versa David Harvey coins term timespace compression12 Globalization is a significant break from decades of progress 1940s Antibiotics begin to be widely used1950s Polio vaccine manufactured1977 Massive WHO campaign leads to smallpox eradicationIn the West especially better nutrition and housing safer food and water and improved hygiene
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