Class Notes (1,100,000)
CA (630,000)
UTSC (30,000)
Geography (700)
GGRA03H3 (100)
Lecture 5

Lecture 5.docx


Department
Geography
Course Code
GGRA03H3
Professor
Andre Sorensen
Lecture
5

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Lecture 5
Next weeks midterm
- will cover lectures 2345 and the required readings for those weeks
- the midterm will be held in the lecture theater
- the questions will be short answers
- there will be four questions of which you should answer 2
- the time allotted will be 30 mins
example questions
- what were four transformative aspects of the industrial revolution and what were
their respective impact on the cities?
- How does gold (2008) explain the failure of 20th century utopian projects for
cities
What are the big urban envi issues today?
- Because the urban crisis shifted from the rich country to poor countries, where
rapid urbanization happens in Europe couple of years ago (Africa, north
American) the location changed because of the growth of number of people
growing in cities, limited supply for water supply public schools etc is one of the
indication of these rapidly growing cities
- growth of poverty inequality and slums
- global sustainability- making things much worst on the next generation
- global warming
- increasing environmental risks
- challenges of urban governance
- questions about urban resilience creating citites and communities that can
withstand shocks
- fostering equity, sustainability
- sustainability into global debate, of poverty as one of the greatest environmental
risk, no choice but to gather what resources they have, deforestation for example,
creation of new kinds of diseases, waste management are examples of poverty .
Urbanization
- the key issue in 19th century , the shift of rural areas to urban areas
- urbanization patterns of the next 40 years will be critical to the long run
sustainability and livability of the planet
- the world organization will be completed in 2050, the rest of the world will be 70
percent urban
- world urban population is projected to grow just by over 3 billion from 3.29
billion in 2007 to 6.4 billion in 2050
- 93 percent of that growth will be in developing countries
- all of that growth will be in cities as total rural population is expected to decline
- by 2050 the urban transition will be largely completed 70 percent of the global
population will live in cities and the period of greatest urban growth and
development will be finished
- industrialized ( Europe, north America, japan)
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