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Lecture 5

Lecture notes for lecture 5 of the course

Course Code
Talar Sahsuvaroglu

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Lecture 5
Definitions of Migration
Permanent or semi-permanent change of residence of either an individual or a group
of individuals
Movement of people across community/city/country lines for the purpose of
establishing a new place of residence
Migratory influences:
oPull factors: lower taxes, job opportunities, better standards of living, climate,
family, education, safety, health care (better/more affordable)
oPush factors: war, poverty, (social and/or physical) environment, forced
Characterizing Migration
Voluntary/forced (forced migration is not only force by people, may be force by
environment, natural disasters, etc.)
Characteristics of those who do the migrating?
Short distances/inter-regional/international
Impact of Migration on Health
Migration and stress
oElliot and Gille (1998) South Asian Fijian womens experiences with
Women tend to have a different migration experience than men
because of gender roles
oSundquist and Johannson (1997) Self-reported long-term illness in Sweden
comparing foreign born to indigenous born
People who are born outside of their current country, were twice as
more likely to need medical attention than those born in the country
oBollini and Siem (1995) immigrants and native-born occupational accident
People who had immigrated were more likely to be working in higher
risk jobs
oUgalde (1997) Agricultural labour migrants to Spain and exposure to
These migrants had almost double the exposure
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