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GASA01H3 (43)
Liang Chen (17)
Lecture 2

Key Terms - week 2 -6

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Global Asia Studies
Liang Chen

GASA01h3 Exam Review Week 2 II. Key TermsID Items (Explain or identify the historical meaning and significance of the following terms): Hinduism Oldest major religion Integrated with Indian culture (e.g. caste system) Sacred Texts: Vedas, Upanishads, Bhagdev Gita Key concepts: o Dharma ( Principle of cosmic order, your good deeds to live. Think you Dharm) o Karma (full cycle of conduct, bad actions lead towards a bad outcome, to rid ones self of karma will liberate you from the cycle of rebirth and help you attain enlightenment) o Ahimsa (principle of non-violence towards things) o Reincarnation (rebirth of the soul into another body which can even be an animal) Samsara (the endless cycle of birth, suffering, death and rebirth) Moksa (liberation from samsara) Buddhism (e.g., origin, teachings, two major schools, spread beyond India and later evolution in other parts of Asia, etc.) Created in the time of Indian Political turmoil Founder Gautama (Buddha) Arose from Hinduism, but questioned the caste system and rituals Has same key concepts: NIRVANA = enlightenment (goal of life, to attain liberation), Dharma, Karma, Samsara, Ahimsa Two major schools: o Teravada lesser vehicle, More traditional. Dominant in Sri Lanka and southern India. o Mahiyana greater vehicle Bohdistavvas reincarnation of Buddha. Emerged around the 5 C in Northern India and spread to China and Japan Confucianism (major philosophers, teachings, and impact, and differences from Buddhism or Daoism, etc.) Debatable if philosophy or religion Major teachings include: o Duty to family, society, obedience, virtue
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