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Lecture 3

Lecture 3 notes

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Health Studies
Caroline Barakat

Lecture 3: Models of Health and Illness HLATA10- Models of Health and Illness January 24 ,h 2011. Readings: 13-25 text PHAC (2009), sections 4.2 - 6 What is Health? What is illness? How do we conceptualize health? MODELS OF HEALTH WHO- 1948- the directing and coordinating health authority within UN health organizations o Responsible for several things (on slide) o Main body where we look to find a universal definition of health o Health matters and health research and applies them to recommend policies to countries o Definition of health: has not been changed since 1948 o State of complete physical mental and social well being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity o State is something that is changing all the time o Health is continuously changing, not just physical, but mental and social o Not just being absent of disease 1. Original model of health o Absence of disease o If there is something to be diagnosed o Biomed model of health o Sees the body as a machine that something might go wrong and if we can fix that the person becomes healthy again o Repairreplace to gain health o No recognition of the subjective experience f illness or disease o Psychological experiences are not a cause of disease; illness may cause disturbances but are not caused by these disturbances o Emphasis is on scientific method- objectivity- measurement New Models of Health
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