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Chapter 13-HLTA TB.docx

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Health Studies
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Caroline Barakat

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Chapter 13-Tuberculosis Intro Verdi and Puccini are directors that employed heroines with TB due to being attracted to them, flushed pale face,cherry red lips, tall and thin Consumption(TB) nostalgia, depression, and excessive sexual indulgence, incessant coughing, weight loss, intense pain “The white plague” -Pulmonary TB most familiar form (usa-80-85 %) -Mistaken for chronic bronchitis with spitting up blood -Organs affected: lungs, intestines, larynx, lymph nodes in neck, spine Scrofula- swelling of lymph nodes Pott’s Disease-defomation of spine and abscess, kidneys, skin Tb of adrenal leads to Addison’s Disease Miliary Tb small tubercles in the lung that look like millets and spread by blood -Mycobacteria are nitrogen fixation bacteria -M.Bovis , parasite of cattle, spine -M.avium, found in immunosuppressed people , swollen glands in neck, abdominal pain History -Pharaohs show signs of potts disease and pulmonary TB -TB developed from M.Bovis -Hippocrates called the disease phthisis(to waste), believed in Evil air -Aristotle thought it was due to bad and heavy breath -Galen , in his time Theory of Contagion appeared -Middle ages , kings and queen known to heal patients of scrofula by touching known as Royal Touching or Kings Evil -Franciscus Slvius 1679 – described nodules in lungs as tubercles -Benjamin Marten proposed of the contagion nature of TB , person to person coughing Europe th th -16thentury Epidemic England, 20 century North America -17 century Rise due to rural to urban livings and town dairies which had tubercular cows -Victims of death showed incredible creativity and intelligence North America -Incan mummy shows potts disease even before Columbus arrived -Old Bison found to have M.bovis -urbanzation, immigration, poor hygiene, filth and population densities , inadequate ventilation grew TB cases -Anti-Semitism grew against Jews for infecting TB -Bad air blamed so people moved to west sunbelt of US, Mediterranean , South Africa Finding Germ of TB -Je
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