MGTA35H3 Lecture 5: Notes.10

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6 May 2016
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Types of reasoning: inductive- building an argument by utilizing individual examples, pieces of information or cases and then pulling them together to make a generalisation or come to a conclusion. Need enough cases to support though, to be able to persuade. Causal- more commonly known as the cause and effect relationship is a type of inductive reasoning. When developing this type of argument, you must demonstrate that certain events or factors (causes) produced, or in some cases prevented, a certain result (the effect). If other causes present as well, then mention and explain why yours in particular matters. So, by telling them why the othe(cid:396) fa(cid:272)to(cid:396)s do(cid:374)(cid:859)t (cid:373)atte(cid:396), it (cid:448)a(cid:272)(cid:272)i(cid:374)ates the(cid:373) f(cid:396)o(cid:373) (cid:271)ei(cid:374)g (cid:272)o(cid:374)(cid:448)i(cid:374)(cid:272)ed othe(cid:396)(cid:449)ise in the future. Deductive- when the speaker takes general information (premises) and draws a conclusion from that general information. Often set up as a syllogism (major premise, minor premise, conclusion). Analogical- making an argument by comparing two cases.

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