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POLC96H3 (2)
Lecture 4

Lecture 4 POLC96.doc

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Political Science
Mazen Masri

Lecture 4 Video on Nasser (Egyptian President) Suez Canal (THE OTHER SIDE OF SUEZ BBC) - people tried murdering Nasser by so many ways - the world was against Nasser, they all wanted him dead - Nasser has 2 choices, fight or surrender - Mahmoud Unis is in control of figuring out the difficulties of the canal - Nasser breaks into the british control of the suez canal and takes over and nationalizes the canal. - there were a lot of people that were unhappy because they knew the west would get back at them - the west describes Nassers behaviors as fascist - the british leader was about to get rid of Nasser but they failed because the world saw no reason for war because the Egyptians were successful with the Suez Canal - Eden (the British president is against Nasser) he continues to think of ways to get rid of Nasser - there is an ultimatum given to Egypt to stop fighting with Israel Revolutionary Republics * under colonialism the states economic success benefited the economy of the European country in control. There was no adequate healthcare, education or anything. - with the revolutionary leaders came economic development because now the countries were obtaining all the economic benefits they were cultivating. The economic development was initiated and governed by the state and the state provided services that were not provided before. - This expanded the bureaucracy and workers and public sector service men. The bureaucracy of the country and service jobs all bloomed. - redistribution of land, took land from huge land owners and gave land to the peasants. The idea behind this is to give land to the people who actually work the land, and will produce agriculture. This provided economic stability for those who were poor and legitimized their citizenry in the eyes of those who were large land owners. - the state was seen as the biggest employer - nationalization. In many places there were big projects (plants, factories, oil concessions) Nationalization allowed to retain the money within the state instead of going to other countries. Such as the Suez Canal it was governed by the British and all the money they made from the oil concession would go to Britain not Egypt. Thus with nationalization the Egyptians take over the Suez Canal and gave the earnings to the Egyptian state instead of British. -expanding services (health/education) - expanding armies Authoritarianism - all of these countries followed socialism during the 50’s and 60’s. they were not communist, even actually anti-communist. The political economy was socialism. - this expansion of the state centralized power in the hands of a small group. The state had power in everything that people did. - this rapid expansion provided an authoritarian regime - suspicion of pluralism , people did not tolerate it - monopoly over all legitimate political activities by the ruling party or group - although they were authoritarian in its basis it was still seen popular and legitimate by the citizens (obviously up until a certain point in time in history) - at the same time these were not totalitarian regimes (totalitarian regime- north Korea, where the state controls everything and anything) - they didn’t want to control the society completely, just wanted to control certain ways of doing things Controlling/Supervising Society - controlling/banning organized groups. You want your people to get in there and control everything - the bureaucracy expanded during this period so supervision over education/legal and religious matters. So that there is no form of r
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