Chapter 18 Lecture Notes

32 views13 pages
Published on 12 Oct 2010
Chapter 18 Lecture Notes
Psychological Disorders and Psychotherapy
Make sure you take a look at history of psychotherapy.
So what about ppl that are possesed? Do they have schizophrenia? & if they do have schizophrenia,
(1) E}ÀÇ}vÁZ}]^}_]ooÇvµooÇ}
(2) Not everyone who is possed has schizophrenia t it could be a psychotic disorder. Psyhotic
disorder can happen to anybody [20% of depressed ppl suffer pyschosis]
dZÇÁ}µo^ol_u}v}µy drilling a hole in the head
Know all bold-printed terms.
Insight Therapies
So every therapy except for maybe one major therapy has the same key principle: that is
Making aware that which you are not aware of OR bringing the unconscious to the conscious.
So this also depends on how you describe unconscious.
So, all major therapies including behaviour therapy has this as a major goal: exposing you to that you
are afraid of or something that causes fear or anxiety to you.
^}]vZÀ]}µZÇU][ÀÇ((]À]vZ}][t exposing to that fear!
Insight Therapies ContinuedY
t one good thing about this therapy is that ppl that want to become psychoanalysis therapists t they
have to undergo 2 years of psychoanalysis themselves [this is good in a way b/c sometimes ppl go into
therapy [trying to be a therapist] to avoid looking at their own problems]
If the person has problems or trauma t ](Z}v}v[PZoZuoves t ZÇ[ooÆ]v
Z]vPZ}µPZZ]ovZÇÁ}µov[o}ZoZ]]vt ZÇÁ}v[o}
dZ[ÁZÇÇZ}voÇ]]]u}vt as it forces the therapist to go through their own therapy.
(1) Insight coming from somebody else is not too good. Somebody gives you advice or tells you
about your problem t ]Á}v[ZÀuµZ}(v((}vÇ}µJ
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 13 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
Chapter 18 Lecture Notes
So if anyone wants help from you t ](][o](-changing advice t Ç}µ(]v}ÁZ}ÀÁ}v[(}oo}Á]J
Whvo}u}ZÇÇ^/Áv}ulZvP]vuÇo](t I want to change my
}vo]Ç_t when they say that t they really mean that they want the therapist to really change the
world back to when their defense mechanisms used to work.
(2) ^]v]PZ_}lv}ÁoPUµvv]vP}ÁvÁ]Z}µZu}]}vo}vvlu}]}vo
So just logically coming up with a conclusion does not mean anything & understanding something means
NOTHING. t you need that emotional resonance.
Having the same discussion over & over is meaningless t ][Z&>/E'Z]]u}vX
Free association
As you talk t certain themes will be repeated t good therapists allow the patient to put the pieces
together themselves t ][](Z]v}uµÁ]Z]ZuoÀX
Or for psychoanalysis t it has to be delivered in a way to the patient t }ZZÇ^(o_]v]µ]k
For final exam: know everything about psychoanalysis t }(Á}v[lZ]orical things t know bold-
printed stuff.
(1) ][]Po]Z U}Ç}µlv}ÁZ}ÁZÇ]Á}l]vPt ÁZ[Z]PvZ}u}Ç]
actually making headway in therapy. [when the client wants to stop coming t Z[Zu
1 sign]
get used to it.
Which is what they do in therapy!
Insight Therapies continuedY
Resistance t is the ideZÇ}µ}v[Áv}P}Z^ZzW>X
Freud thought that any attempt that the client made to prevent them from moving forward. He said
that it is unconscious.
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 13 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
Chapter 18 Lecture Notes
e.g. a patient gets into an accident while driving to therapy - & you say that they unconsciously
sabotaged themselves so that they wouldn't come to therapy t which is a guaranteed way of pissing off
the client
µZ[(t ppl do things unconsciously to be able to not do work t being late or procrastinating is
tehe way even teenagers do it.
Transference t if used properly, is a powerful tool & if used improperly t ][ou}]vµo]vP
In classic psychoanalysis t the theory is that therapist is a blank screen. The idea is that the therapist is a
blank screen; doing nothing aside from helping the client - & the patient starts getting angry or
conversly, they start falling in love with their therapist.
old baggage [usually related to their parents] onto the therapist; they are relating to them as they
would relate to their parents in the past as a child = TRANSFERENCE.
Good therapists recognize that the fact is that the therapists do t they do things in therapy; they are not
neutral or a blank screen, if they were, then they would be pretty ineffective.
= everything they [therapist] do could potentially cause a reaction in the patient & they could react to
the therapist. [& not b/c they were projecting on their therapist]
past issues t so even if the therapists is trying to be neutral t they still do bring up things in the
Countertransference t when the client reacts to the therapist through their issues they had with their
Countertransference t uv}Pv]]}vÇZZ]}(Z]}v}Z]o]v[
In object-relations therapy t ][Ç}(ÇZ}Çvu]herapy:
(1) More than any other therapy, it makes sure that the therapist understands their own
(2) /[ÀÇ]u}vZZZ]lv}ÁZ}ÁuµZ}(Z]]}v]}Z]}ÁvPPP
or to their client [so they should know their counter-transference]
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 13 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get OneClass Grade+

Unlimited access to all notes and study guides.

YearlyMost Popular
75% OFF
Single doc


You will be charged $119.76 upfront and auto renewed at the end of each cycle. You may cancel anytime under Payment Settings. For more information, see our Terms and Privacy.
Payments are encrypted using 256-bit SSL. Powered by Stripe.