Class Notes (921,763)
CA (542,617)
UTSC (32,886)
Psychology (8,010)
PSYA02H3 (1,061)
John Bassili (120)
Lecture

Lecture 3

2 Pages
103 Views

Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYA02H3
Professor
John Bassili

This preview shows half of the first page. Sign up to view the full 2 pages of the document.
Psychology Lecture 3
Approach to Chimp Language
-it took three years for chimp Vicky to learn four words: papa, mama, cup, and up
-the experiment fails to prove chimp have language
-but, the failure for chimp to produce language may be due to the fact that it does not the vocal
apparatus to pronounce the words so there is a barrier
-researcher should think of a method to bypass the barrier of language pronunciation and focus
on language in terms of structure and symbol (be more generative)
-use of symbol is a part of language
-deaf people develop language through sign and do not communicate through sound
Chimp Washoe
-it was taught using American sign language to communicate
-can it understand symbol and produce sentence with structure
-language is generative
idea is coded into sign language
flexibility to go from meaning to sign
-researcher taught Washoe using shaping method
her hand is brought together with the approximation of the sign and is reinforced with the
appropriate response
-Washoe can generalize early signs and use them in all kinds of situation
-after the sign “open” for a door, she can apply to situations like open the suitcase and container
-shows she understands the concept
-most sings are iconic, closely resemble the object and action it refers to
-Washoe learned 24 signs, language acquisition and vocabulary are going up
-also uses inquiry sign to express emotional state, like hug
-capable to generalize and use word spontaneously
-sometimes make wrong sign, but still understand the concept, for example, make a sign for
comb instead of a brush, which both objects serve the same function
-when a mirror is placed in front of Washoe, she has a concept of herself
-has concept of imager, can recognize picture of object
-double blind experiment can be used, Washoe is shown with image probably generated at
random and is tested to produce signs of the shown object
Combining Words: Evidence of Syntactic Structure?
www.notesolution.com

Loved by over 2.2 million students

Over 90% improved by at least one letter grade.

Leah — University of Toronto

OneClass has been such a huge help in my studies at UofT especially since I am a transfer student. OneClass is the study buddy I never had before and definitely gives me the extra push to get from a B to an A!

Leah — University of Toronto
Saarim — University of Michigan

Balancing social life With academics can be difficult, that is why I'm so glad that OneClass is out there where I can find the top notes for all of my classes. Now I can be the all-star student I want to be.

Saarim — University of Michigan
Jenna — University of Wisconsin

As a college student living on a college budget, I love how easy it is to earn gift cards just by submitting my notes.

Jenna — University of Wisconsin
Anne — University of California

OneClass has allowed me to catch up with my most difficult course! #lifesaver

Anne — University of California
Description
Psychology Lecture 3 Approach to Chimp Language -it took three years for chimp Vicky to learn four words: papa, mama, cup, and up -the experiment fails to prove chimp have language -but, the failure for chimp to produce language may be due to the fact that it does not the vocal apparatus to pronounce the words so there is a barrier -researcher should think of a method to bypass the barrier of language pronunciation and focus on language in terms of structure and symbol (be more generative) -use of symbol is a part of language -deaf people develop language through sign and do not communicate through sound Chimp Washoe -it was taught using American sign language to communicate -can it understand symbol and produce sentence with structure -language is generative idea is coded into sign language flexibility to go from meaning to sign -researcher taught Washoe using shaping method her hand is brought together with the approximation of the sign and is reinforced with the appropriate response -Wa
More Less
Unlock Document


Only half of the first page are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit