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Lecture 1- The Scientific Approach
¾ Studying Psychology
Psychology is the explicit study of how people think, feel, and behave
Many themes and studies contained within the disciplineÆ Personality, learning and memory,
social development, hormones and behaviour, abnormal behaviour, relationships and emotion,
¾ How does Psychology Differ From Philosophy, the Humanities?
All disciplines are concerned with fundamental issues of human experience
BUT, psychology focuses on the Use of Scientific Method
Other methods subject to serious limitations
Rely on experience and authority in the construction of our beliefs
¾ Course Objectives
Illustrate the limitations of non-scientific approach (and scientific approach)[
Teach scientific method as it applies to psychology
Teach how to write a research paper (research proposal/review)
¾ Why Use the Scientific Method in Psychology
Methods we use in day to day world and in some other disciplines subject to numerous
Tend to rely on personal experience, intuition,
Limitation: based on populations which has variations
Tend to rely on opinions of authority figures
Limitations: Authority figures may be biased. E.g: sometimes we are more clear about our bodies
¾ Class Exercise (C. Farley, 2003)
Judgements about the personality of Claire
Brief descriptions about Claire made by her friends
After reading each statement, I will ask you some questions about Claire
Group 1 Goal--Answer: Is Claire an extroverted individual?
Group 2 Goal--Answer: Is Claire an introverted individual?
Stuffed bears and bubblegum icecream when she was small, fav. Food: sushi and tofu, wake up at the
crack of dawn for long walks by the beach, interacting and meeting a few people, artist
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