An ever changing, constructive stimulus which shapes the way individuals perceive and contribute to the world: dynamic. Nationality: the country you were born in. Identification: the degree to which you include group membership in your self concept or sense of who you are. Meaning system: symbols, language, experiences, metaphysics. Beliefs about the world, universe and existence. Emphasize personal achievement, even at the expense of others. Emphasize social roles and collective responsibilities, even at the expense of the individual. Political structure greatly constrains behavior and cultural expression. Sometimes government change can extinguish a culture. Do(cid:373)i(cid:374)a(cid:374)t religious (cid:271)eliefs (cid:272)hara(cid:272)terize a (cid:272)ulture(cid:859)s (cid:373)oral reaso(cid:374)i(cid:374)g a(cid:374)d (cid:373)oti(cid:448)atio(cid:374)s. Religion also affects social roles and norms. Environmental context shapes the development and focus of a culture. Participants (ps) who spoke argentinean-spanish, chinese, or english. What word would participant use for each object: results. Number of words used for pictured objects by culture.