Emotional development the idea that infants and children form emotional attachment was formed by freud. Today, most psychologists agree that social and emotional development occurs in the first 5 years. Slide 2 theories of attachment behaviourist approach. Attachment term used to describe strong affectionate ties that bind one to another person: huge focal point of intense debate, approached from a variety of viewpoints, all of which try to explain how attachments are formed. Both the behaviourist and the psychoanalytic approach have provided explanations for attachment, and both emphasize the importance of feeding behaviour. The importance of feeding and drive reduction: feeding is important because it elicits positive responses from the infant which are likely to increase the caregiver"s affection for the child. However, attachment doesn"t depend on hunger satisfaction: mothers provide infants with additional comforts, such as warmth, vocalizations. Slide 3 theories of attachment behaviourist approach.