Class Notes (806,430)
Canada (492,248)
Psychology (7,598)
PSYA02H3 (928)

Chapter 11.docx

8 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto Scarborough
Steve Joordens

Chapter 11: Intellect 1/24/2013 9:20:00 PM Key Concepts  There are three stages in an offspring being born; the germinal stage, the embryonic stage and the fetal stage.  During the fetal stage the cell began to grow rapidly and create a insulated skin as well respiratory system and digestive system.  Not just food is that a women eats is damaging but as well as anything she comes into contact with.  Teratogens include environmental poisons such as lead in the water, paint dust in the air, or mercury in fish, but the most common teratogen is alcohol  Although infants can use there eyes right away, motor skill take certain amount of time to developed.  therefore they are born with a small set of reflex’s.  There are patterns in which they develop their motor skills and other ways one is top to bottom the other is inside to outside.  Motor generally operate on sequence not on timetable  Jean Piaget; wanted to understand if on top of them developing motor skill if they could develop understanding and intelligence.  Infant learn how physical things behave by watching or doing it themselves Piaget develop a theory called assimilation.  After an infant has relised the resulst of his actin piaglet called this accommodations  after their reaction they realized it was bad or good.  Infants don’t yet have realization of how the world works and there Piaget said this is called the Object permance.--> some scientist suggest that some infant have object permanence at 4 months.  Childhood has two stages peropertional stage, concert operational stage.  Infants have better understanding of life better than Piaget stated.  Children who are concert can understand quaintly  Once children understand what brain repsent.  Preoperational children expect everyone to see what they see.  which also means that they don’t understand that people may not know what they know  once children understand that not all people know what they known and fill what they feel,  the discover the theory of mind.  Children who don’t develop the theory of mind psychologist tend to believe this is the root cause of autism.  the second group of children who leg behind the theory of mind is def children with parents who don’t know sign language.  Theory of mind appears to be influenced by a variety of factors, such as the number of siblings the child has, the frequency with which the child engages in pretend play, whether the child has an imaginary companion, and the socioeconomic status of the child’s family.  Between infancy and adulthood, children must come to understand (a) how the physical world works, (b) how their minds represent it, and (c) how other minds represent it.  cognitive development occurs in four stages: the sensorimotor stage, the preoperational stage, the concrete operational stage, and the formal operational stage  By exploring environments infants develop schemas.  Humans start developing desires.  Infants with a disorganized attachment style seem to be confused about their caregivers, which has led some psychologists to speculate that this style primarily characterizes children who have been abused  There are three characteristic a Paiget noticed children develop. 1. children’s moral thinking tends to shift from realism to relativism  what is relative to the situation, they start weighing the consequences. 2. Piaget noticed that children’s moral thinking tends to shift from prescriptions to principles.  they rules thisn such a fairness and equality when making moral judgement. 3. Piaget noticed that children’s moral thinking tends to shift from outcomes to intentions.  What seems more wrong and what seems more right  Between the ages of 6 and 13, the connections between the temporal lobe (the brain region specialized for language) and the parietal lobe (the brain region specialized for understanding spatial relations) multiply rapidly and then stop—just about the time that the critical period for learning a language ends  A 2 year old child contains more synapses then an average adult.  The timing of puberty is harder than puberty itself.  Sexual education is allow teens to delay sex or at least be more protected.  people who take adesence are more likely to have sex and not use protection.  Puberty is occurring earlier than ever before, and the entrance of young people into adult society is occurring later.  As adolescents seek to develop their adult identities, they seek increasing autonomy from their parents and become more peer- oriented, forming single-sex cliques, followed by mixed-sex cliques, and finally pairing off as couples.  young adults try to keep verbal information in working memory, the left prefrontal cortex is more strongly activated than the right, and when young adults try to keep spatial information in working memory, the right prefrontal cortex is more strongly activated than the left  but this bilateral asymmetry is not seen among older adults, and some scientists take this to mean that older brains compensate for the declining abilities of one neural structure by calling on other neural structures to help.  Older people focus on things in
More Less

Related notes for PSYA02H3

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.