Class Notes (835,722)
Canada (509,348)
Psychology (7,782)
PSYB10H3 (544)
Lecture 20

Lecture 20

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Ingrid L.Stefanovic

Lecture 20 Group-based bias Affect prejudice the emotional attitude we have towards someone else Behaviour discrimination act in a certain way against you in terms of what group you belong to. Can be a positive as well as a negative form. Cognition stereotyping and outcomes of stereotyping and a perceptual bias called outgroup homogeneity ***think about this diagram! Cognitive Component: Stereotype Typical traits youre going to associate with certain group members Schemas based on group membership Affective Component: Prejudice Wouldnt be considered prejudice if you didnt like someone based on who they are as an individual but if part of your reason for not liking them for what group they belong to or how the act then that is prejudice Association between attitudes emotions Behavioural Component: Discrimination Be against outgroup members and acceptations of them Group membership outgroup members Stereotyping Stereotypes across time o Based on what country you were in Europe, they had a long list of names and customs and nature. He said Spanish are arrogant, German are open-hearted. o Weve always stereotyped Katz & Braly (1933) Phase 1 of Princeton Trilogy Collected racial stereotypes from 100 college students Preworld war ii Thought Germans were scientifically minded, stolid Jews were shrewd Italians were artistic There is a high degree of consensus among the 100 students Something more general about American culture beliefs Basis for studying stereotypes at all, and thought that it was something interested or worth studying important study for this purpose The Princeton Trilogy The stereotypes were reasonably consistent Listed in importance and overtime some of the stereotypes became less important Conclusions o There are a lot of stereotypes somewhat consistent across time o They are also contextually bound o Some things we are going to keep but there are current culture and current things going on in the world Stereotypes: Mechanisms Broad and not super specific in what they are describing : Trait-based stereotype Internal disposition Dependent on the context Dependent on the situation, then the stereotype we apply to the situation is going to change Showing that the context itself is going to make a difference in terms of what you expect solely on their group membership Who Stereotypes? Even if you dont endorse a stereotype, you know what it is You know what people think about a certain group Media loves stereotype theyre controllable and understandable Hard to miss a stereotype your culture has Factors affecting stereotype use o Egalitarian ideologies Personal ideology or moral system based on the idea that humans are inherently equal and therefore should be treated equally
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