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PSYC39H3 (172)
Lecture 4

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University of Toronto Scarborough
David Nussbaum

Lecture 4-Sept 30 Types of Economic Crime • white-collar crime o crime in businesses • difference between theft and robbery o robbery is theft with violence or confrontation with the person being stolen from o theft: happens when the victim is not present • fraud o intent to steal something (monetary transactions) • prostitution • human trafficking • drug trade o no quality control White-Collar Crime • before, all the men wore white collar shirts, factory workers tended to wear blue shirts • 2 major types: o occupational crimes  tax evasion (not declaring correct income to the government)  embezzlement: steal money from company that you work for e.g. if get a grant, need to give money to university for help with overhead costs (15%) o corporate crimes  crimes commited by compnanies  advantage: if something goes wrong, the individuals are not liable  but does not protect them from criminal responsibility e.g. execs can still go to jail for illegal activities  price fixing:  colluding to fix prices is illegal, competition is supposed to drive the market  companies come together and make prices higher so that they can each make more White-Collar Offenders: Profile • often male, white, highly educated, in upper management positions (since they have more power) • more hedonistics, narcissistic, less self-control, more conscientious • lower integrity, irresponsibility, lack of dependability, disregard of rules and social norms • narcissism o in love with image, more than self o have an overidealized image of themselves and that is what they are in love with o feel that they are very special people, more special than everyone else and entitled to better treatment than everyone else (a lot of people who are leaders feel like that) Theft • max penalty is 10 years imprisonment • over $5k is indictable offence • under $5k is a hybrid offence Fraud • advance fee fraud o paid for a service and you have no intention of providing the service • in order to prove fraud, must show that the intent to do faud was there Prostitution: Illegal activities...: • procuring o hire prostitutes • owning, operating, occupying a brothel • all forms of public communication for the purpose of prostiu
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