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PPGC67H3 (24)
Lecture 3

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Department
Public Policy
Course
PPGC67H3
Professor
Scott Aquanno
Semester
Winter

Description
Week 3-  Major Features o (1) Democracy – fundamental belief in the core values of democracy  Popular sovereignty – power rests ultimately in the hands of the citizenry  Political Equality – one person, one vote  Political Freedom – freedom of thought, belief, opinion, expression, association and assembly  Majority Rule – precedence of numbers (felt necessity to protect against the tyranny of the majority) o (2)Balance between collectivism and individualism  Strong sense of individualism expressed through a strong appreciation of economic freedom and the sanctity of private enterprise o (3) Value diversity over homogeneity  Citizens are encouraged to maintain their cultural distinctiveness o (4) Deference to authority  Peace, order and good government o (5) Egalitarianism  Emphasis on removing barriers that prevent individuals/groups from achieving their full potential o (6) Caution, Diffidence and Nonviolence  Sense of national inferiority and defensiveness coupled with the absence of a spirit of innovation and risk-taking  Explaining culture o (a) Lipset  Argues that political cultures are shaped by formative events  These events can move a culture indefinitely in a new direction  The American War of Independence (Canadian counter-revolution – peaceful evolution) constituted the central formative event for both the United States and Canada  “Two nations, not one came out of the American revolution”  Ensured that inhabitants of both countries would hold divergent views of the role of the state, the right to bear arms, and the need for social order  Stresses the relative strength of tory values of ascription, and elitism and the relative weakness of the liberal values of achievement o (B) Hartz (Fragment Theory)  new world settlers only represent a fragment of liberal control.  fragments of the whole populate the new world  attempted to characterize the political culture of all new world societies  argues that the ideological spectrum consists of four elements  Feudal/Tory - conservative, royalist  liberal whig- opposition to absolute rule, support for limited(elite) democracy  liberal democrat  socialist  The confrontation and interaction of theses four elements produce a country's political culture  Original settlers did not represent the full range of their former homelands'
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