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Lecture

RLGA01 - JAINISM NOTES

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Department
Religion
Course
RLGA01H3
Professor
Henry Shiu
Semester
Fall

Description
RLGA01H 2010-10-19 to 2010-10-26 JAINISM J WEEK 1 Basic Introduction A religion of ascetism Mainly stayed within India J only very committed believers could withstand and stay with the religion Ko]]ZZ^}}lZ_~karmamarga) What counts most are our actions How you act and how you behave defines your attainment of religious gratification You behave completely differently, in accordance to what is prescribed in the religion o}Zoo}Z]L ]o}^L}L-]}oL _~ahimsa) Religious History Arose in reaction to changing condition of Indian life and religious systems In roughly the 6 century BCE, there was a rising class of merchants and property owners in India Economic, social, etc. environments were changing rapid as a result, there was a period of great social and intellectual ferment People began to question the validity of Hinduism and the authority of the brahmans If the priests are so much higher, why are the merchant classes rising and becoming so wealthy and powerful if they have no access to Vedic means? At the time, Vedic priests became very corrupted New religious and philosophical groups surfaced Rejecting the basic claims of the Vedic tradition Asserting what they saw as reality of the universe being able to be attained by any cast, without priests, through meditation These groups were known as the sramana ~o]:^Z]Z_ Jainism and Buddhism are results Principles and Beliefs of Jainism Often abandoned family, social ties, and social status for the pursuit of liberation often wandered forests Also abandoned orthopraxy (rules of ritually proper behaviour) The hereditary priesthood, along with its sacrifices and other rituals, were rejecting Extreme non-violence beliefs disdained animal sacrifices and causing harm to any living things Compared with Hinduism, Jainism has been more disciplined and systematic Most are vegetarians, would not wear leather Some would walk VERY carefully to avoid stepping on living creatures 1 www.notesolution.com
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