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Sociology (2,411)
SOCA01H3 (591)
Mc Kinon (98)


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University of Toronto Scarborough
Mc Kinon

L1 INTRODUCTION: DURKHEIM AND SUICIDE SOCIAL FORCES AND SUICIDE Social Integration and Suicide EGOISTIC SUICIDE Modern Individualism Social Type and Suicide ------------- $4.L,O147.0890OO4:L170L39K0K,OO4:9,N034908 Durkheim: o Classical sociologist o Frenchman o One of the Founding fathers of sociology o Showed impact of social forces on behaviour Suicide (1897) Durkheim explores the differing suicide rates among Protestants and Catholics explaining that stronger social control among Catholics results in lower suicide rates. According to Durkheim, people have a certain level of attachment to their groups, which he calls social integration. Abnormally high or low levels of social integration may result in increased suicide rates; o low levels low social integration results in disorganized society, alienation and loneliness in the individual, causing people to turn to suicide as a last resort, o high levels cause people to kill themselves to avoid becoming burdens on society, or because the social pressure becomes too great and oppressive. According to Durkheim, Catholic society has normal levels of integration while Protestant society has low levels. There are at least two problems with this interpretation. o Durkheim took most of his data from earlier researchers, notably Adolf Wagner and Henry Morselli, who were much more careful in generalizing from their own data. o later researchers found that the Protestant-Catholic differences in suicide seemed to be limited to German-speaking Europe and thus may always have been the spurious reflection of other factors.[4] Despite its limitations,
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