SOCA03H3 – Week 10
Demographic Transition Theory
- Birth rate stays the same
o People are having a lot of kids
Kids dying at early age, so they continue to have kids
o Agricultural purposes
Help around the farm at a young age.
• They can get a lot of work done.
o Kids don’t produce economic wealth.
They cost money
- Death rate falls quickly.
o Lack of food
2 Population Explosion
- Post WWII in the “South”
o Peaks in 1970s
o Lead to predictions of 16 billion or more.
Two Population Problems
o Aging populations
Replaces humans with robots
• Lack in population - South
o Malthusian Scenarios
• Worry about
o Arab Spring
South: Surprise Reversal
- Population growth starts to decline in late 1970s
o Fertility rate drops from 6 to 4 in two decades.
- Population on and off the agenda.
- 1960s moral panic
o Limits to growth
o Population bomb
Paul Ehrlich predicts starvation
Population Impact Formula
- Size x affluence x technology
o Size effect of sheer numbers
o Affluence use more
o Technology environmentally friendly
- China’s one child policy
o Highly coercive
UN Best Family Planning In…
o From 7 to 2 kids per woman (fastest ever)
o War with Iraq foster births
o Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeni (1980s) Allowed contraceptives
Compulsory pre-,marital classes
Population Driven Conflicts
- Lyndon Johnson
o “There are three billion people in the world. They want what we have.”
Part 2: Cities
o City vs. Countryside
- Are “alive”
o Constantly changing
o Competition for space (rich vs. poor)
- Polarized view
o Anonymous vs Exciting
- Rich is better
- Cities are relatively large, densely populated, permanent settlements in which most
residents do not produce their own food.
o Conflict with countryside