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SOCA02H3 (393)

Deviance and Crime.docx

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Andrew Mc Kinnon

Deviance and Crime Deviance is any behavior that violates general norms and produces some sort of reaction Some norms if violated dont result in sanction EX keep frnds secret Betraying a trust is violation of frndship norm it cause social reaction a deviance but you dont go to prision Any deviance that violates a law is a criminal devianceTwo types of deviance Criminal deviance attitude towards crime crime is a big ques in Canadian society TV programs that feature crime are the most popular movies do okay at all they are soo formulaic Ppl like shows dealing with crime EX CSISLIDE 6 Lets look at several different types of crime Juvenile delinquency treated differently Deifferently set of lwaes apply to juvenile The age you can be charged with an adult generally depends on crime Juvenile crime is seen as very serious cuz it can lead to a life time of crime Someone can become a persistent offender thus most are send to rehab If you put jevunile offender with adult offenders they can be taught to be successful criminals Labelling theory labeling is a sociological concept which means whn society will label you they will acquire and indentify you from social labeling and then live up the identity that they have been given ir labeelled with Most juvenile offenders are males with Lower SES groupsCriminologists has come up with classification system Common crimes stealing cars rug offence assault BEbreak and enter and occasionally homicidethat is one kind of crimeNext one is victimless crime sometimes called consensual crimes EX drugsa victimless crimeUse of Lautnam alcohol and opium it was widely used in civil war during thamputationOptium was widely used in 19 century Freud wrote many papers on medicinal property thof morphine is the best pain killer Marijuana is widely used In 20 century all these drugs were made illegal In Europe nobody use to care about them Those ppl who become hard users of drug start on marijuana About 35 million has smoked marijuanaSo they argue that it is not stong and it is misrepresentationfor tiny minority of pplConsensual crime when both parties agree no victim in the traditional sense Someone wants to buy someone wants to sellBoth parties agree then there is no victim in traditional sense EX can be of gambling u place a bet ppl will take your bet Vagrancy ppl who wander around place to place lives by beggingthey will usuallyget picked up and spend the night in jail Police undercover in the case of prostituation young females police officer and have conversation with John other police offcicer are listening to it the Johndoing tricks When deal is finished police moves in They entice John to buy a trick and then John is arrestedPpl are not supposed to encourage ppl to break the law White collar crime an important type of crime Crimes committed by respectable ppl It is committed by middle class and higher class ppl Street crime is committed by lower class ppl Edwin Sutherland a sociologist that popularized white collar crime It was never investigated Ppl use to assume that most crimes are done by under class Edwin saide no so white collar commit crime related to work and cost billion Burny Madeoff huge investment fundcheated ppl ot of 50 billion dollar Ppl lost their shirts White collar crimes cost society 40X as much as street crimes DIFF between street and white collar crimes white collar crimes do not encounter physical violiance where street crimes encounter physical violenceex mugging break and enter car theft So southern found that large corporation are convicted of 890 copyright infringement white collar crimeyou write a song or develop patent new discovery belongs to a certain person and cannot be used by anyone else Patents
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