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Lecture

African Genocide Explained II - May 24


Department
Anthropology
Course Code
ANT204H1
Professor
Leslie Jermyn

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African Genocide Explained II
-Pressure in the merchants to provide constant supply
-Capitalism: workers divorced from any way of living other than selling their labour for
less than whats its worth
- Mass production a result of controlled work conditions
-Initially cheaply priced so demand increased (cheap to people with money)
-Constant supply of raw materials and constant market demand is necessary for
industrialized nations to prosper
-Capitalists running out of supply and demand so they asked help from the state >>
turned to colonialism
-Trade relations from before but with the demands of industrialization, Europeans
prompted into taking over foreign indigenous populations for a newer market and a
source of labour and supply
-Captured market, forced to buy only from mother country
-Railways designed for the purpose of moving goods, not with the people (uniting them)
in mind
-Hospitals were made but they were very few, schools for the sake of educating the
natives so that they can be easily manipulated into their side
-Colonialism changed the relationships between the natives
oDivide and rule conquer one group to coerce them into fighting another group
through promises of privilege
-Colonialism designed for import and export of goods as well as production (in Africa)
-After conquering them, forced them into labour, producing specific goods,/resources
through taxation (cash, goods, labour)
-Cash taxation in farming communities selling their produce for cash or have them send
people off somewhere to work so that they can send back cash for the tax
-Taxation in goods Belgians, ivory and rubber
oInstead of using time to farm, they are forced to use all their time into rubber
extraction and finding ivory
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-Taxation in labour corvée (chibaru) system ~ result in famine if labour at home
undermined by the migration of labour (migrant workers)
-Shift from taxation to cash crops
-Cash crops not natively consumed so they must sell it abroad (export) designed for
supply
-Tax regime involves using native representatives for tax collecting because of
linguistic/cultural barriers
- Maasai tribes nomadic/pastoral so the British kidnapped their children to educate them
in order to use them as tax collectors (divide and rule)
oCased fractures in society
oSecure loyalty through promised privileges
-Reinforce tribal differences by adopting one group as the privileged group, exploit and
manipulate them
oAlso used hierarchy/aristocracy
-Economic system developed designed for export of local produce and import of
manufactured goods industries that transform produce to goods eliminated In African
economy
oReliance on imported goods and exporting local produce
oRaw materials sold cheaper than manufactured goods creates a deficit
-Divide and rule nations remained divided between groups that couldve been unified if
not for colonial interference
oColonial rule led to an emphasis in some cultural/social differences because
different groups were forced to cohabitate one area
-Ideological belief of colonialism results in gross stereotyping because of the idea that the
colonialism is a charitable effort kicked out colonialists too early and so they are in a
“mess >> African mess
oInferiority of former colonial nations (esp in Africa)
Rwandan case study (April 7, 1994)
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