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Archaeological Record

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Christopher Watts

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Anthropology October 28 , 2010. Archaeological Record The matrices in which artifacts, ecofacts, sites and other human-manufactured features or results of past human action are found Three Typical Elements of Archaeological Research Observed material culture Unobserved humannon-human activity Interpretationexplanation of human activity Material Evidence Physical: - Artifacts - Features - Ecofacts Spatial: - Activity areas - Sites - Regions Artifacts Any portable object where form has been shaped (i.e. manufactured or modified) by way of human activity Feature Nonportable material evidence of human activity (e.g. hearths, storage pits, postholes) Ecofacts Non-artifactual material evidence of human activity Can be further subdivided into Macrofossils and Microfossils Macrofossils Visible to the naked eye, e.g. kernel of corn Can be retrieved through flotation or normal excavation procedures Flotation Device Water separation of soil matrices Used primarily to recover macrofossils Lighter materials float to the surface, caught in sieves Microfossils
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