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Lecture 5

ARC132 Lecture 5.docx

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University of Toronto St. George
Architecture Studies
Zeynep Celik

ARC 132 - Week 5 Lecture notes - Orthogonal articulation of the grid, Mies Van Der Rohe, TD centre, the grid Durand described becomes 3D centuries later. - By-products of this thinking focus on the structure, clear on what’s structure and not structure ex. The Convention Hall Chicago was all structure or equivalent of structure with nothing inside and no adornments. th - Important 20 century design emergence-curtain wall, façade hangs from structure, not all that looks like curtain wall is curtain wall- has to be separate, hung from structure - Tectonics- over-articulation of the grid separation of structural vs nonstructural, minimalist, Mies - There is problems in this in the details of these buildings complications behind their seeming simplicity - Looking at the corner/connection details of the TD centre- building more complicated to appear simple - Innovative building techniques since the beginning of architecture - Post and lintel construction Parthenon, Stonehenge, seemingly simple construction technique but incredible for a time before machinery-all done by hand and simple tools - Entasis-slight curvature of columns, maybe because mimicking load bearing properties in the natural lean of the human body, or because of human sight, columns don’t appear to distort at certain perspectives. - Mass customization past the point in modernization where everything was standardized because of digital technologies (CAD?) - Mass customization and precision of Parthenon is amazing-drum of columns made off site used metal elements to connect the drums and the flute they created on site, less than 1mm tolerance on components of the building - -Arches- used to span a space without a column – successfully transfer the vertical force to the side but causes lateral thrust. Often used arches below grade where could use earth or thick masonry walls to support laterally - Domes, Pantheon, Haigha Sophia. Pantheon was supported by thick walls, Haigha was supported by a system of minuretes, collapsed many times, builders learned from their mistakes - Gothic architecture taught to build pointed arches- made different geometry to withstand more load, ribbed arches - Built arches by building scaffolding first for support, then built the arches on top - Flying buttresses brought forces to the outside allowing larger uninterrupted open space-gothic - Logier - Frontispiece – muse of architecture leaning against a pile of architecture rubble including Corinthian columns. She is pointing out to the child a structure in the woods made from trees - He was against the monarchy and the catholic churches and the elaborateness of the rococo period and valued simpler architecture, created neo-classical architecture - Enlightenment- how architecture began- came from nature - He liked Greek and some gothic but not baroque or rococo and did not like a pilaster-looks like a column but not loadbearing and stuck to the front of a building as adornment. Preferred free standing column, believed a column acquired moral authority - Soufflot pantheon Paris building- Greek cross, vault system of gothic cathedrals. Post and lintel of the Parthenon - Important technologies building built before the French revolution –then after converted to the pantheon and covered the windows in the sake of enlightenment???? - Used iron reinforced masonry a
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