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Lecture 5

ARC132H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Wrought Iron, Industrial Revolution, Ionic Order


Department
Architecture Studies
Course Code
ARC132H1
Professor
Zeynep Celik
Lecture
5

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ARC 132 - Week 5 Lecture notes
- Orthogonal articulation of the grid, Mies Van Der Rohe, TD centre, the grid Durand described
becomes 3D centuries later.
- By-products of this thinking focus on the structure, clear on what’s structure and not structure
ex. The Convention Hall Chicago was all structure or equivalent of structure with nothing inside
and no adornments.
- Important 20th century design emergence-curtain wall, façade hangs from structure, not all that
looks like curtain wall is curtain wall- has to be separate, hung from structure
- Tectonics- over-articulation of the grid separation of structural vs nonstructural, minimalist,
Mies
- There is problems in this in the details of these buildings complications behind their seeming
simplicity
- Looking at the corner/connection details of the TD centre- building more complicated to appear
simple
- Innovative building techniques since the beginning of architecture
- Post and lintel construction Parthenon, Stonehenge, seemingly simple construction technique
but incredible for a time before machinery-all done by hand and simple tools
- Entasis-slight curvature of columns, maybe because mimicking load bearing properties in the
natural lean of the human body, or because of human sight, columns don’t appear to distort at
certain perspectives.
- Mass customization past the point in modernization where everything was standardized
because of digital technologies (CAD?)
- Mass customization and precision of Parthenon is amazing-drum of columns made off site used
metal elements to connect the drums and the flute they created on site, less than 1mm
tolerance on components of the building
- -Arches- used to span a space without a column successfully transfer the vertical force to the
side but causes lateral thrust. Often used arches below grade where could use earth or thick
masonry walls to support laterally
- Domes, Pantheon, Haigha Sophia. Pantheon was supported by thick walls, Haigha was
supported by a system of minuretes, collapsed many times, builders learned from their mistakes
- Gothic architecture taught to build pointed arches- made different geometry to withstand more
load, ribbed arches
- Built arches by building scaffolding first for support, then built the arches on top
- Flying buttresses brought forces to the outside allowing larger uninterrupted open space-gothic
- Logier
- Frontispiece muse of architecture leaning against a pile of architecture rubble including
Corinthian columns. She is pointing out to the child a structure in the woods made from trees
- He was against the monarchy and the catholic churches and the elaborateness of the rococo
period and valued simpler architecture, created neo-classical architecture
- Enlightenment- how architecture began- came from nature
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