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Geography (975)
GGR254H1 (29)
Lecture

notes

6 Pages
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Department
Geography
Course Code
GGR254H1
Professor
Ingrid L.Stefanovic

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Description
The relationship between race,class, and residence in an American city between 1960 and 2005 Explore how the mechanisms of the housing market intersect with class and race to provide specific residential landscape Housing is concerned with poverty,discrmination, social and economic policy,exclusion, social welfare, and urban spaces. Geogrpahy=make an argument that looks at the role played by space in one or more of the social, economic, and political dynamics of the housing market. Imporant pointsarguments When the McGhees refused, Sipes and the Northwest Civic Association filed suit to prevent them from moving in, on the grouns that the entire neighbourhoos was covered by a covenant that specified that houses could not be sold nor leased to, nor occupied by any person other than one of the Caucasian race.(pg.181) so because of their classrace they were forbidden to move into a certain space because it was only for white people. Hosuing market was determined by race, your race decided where you were able to livebuy homes The Wayne County Circuit Court helt that the McGhees were indeed colored and that the covenant was valid.(pg.182) NAACP argued that the convenants violated state antidiscrimination laws and were unconstitutional under the Fouteenth Amendement,(pg.182) Judges around the counrty had regulary upheld such covenants as necessary and proper to protect the rights of property owners. The Home Owners Loan Corporation and Federal Housing Administration used racial restrictions to determine the actuarial soundness of a neighbourhood. FHA manuals encouraged developers to put racial restrictions on their properties to protect the character of a neighborhood and to maintain high housing values.(pg.182) so these laws basically kept black people out of certain areas away from whites designated them to certain areas We can Live Anywhere! This far reaching decision means that a mortal blow has been struck at racial restrictions in homes, artificially created ghettoes, and countless other jim-crow manifestations made possible because of heretofore enforced segregation in home ownership.(pg.182)=use as opening quotes maybe This inspired blacks in Detroit to move forth more bodly, looking for housing in predominantly white neighbourhoods beyond the citys racial frontier.(pg.182) During this time many civil rights activits were optimistice that Detroit would soon be a racially integrated city.(pg.183)=how much have we really changed there are no outright restricitons but for the same parts there are still ghettoes that are occupied by mostly blacks, and whites still tend to live in rich neighbourhoods by themselves, so is everything old new again? Civil rights groups clung to the hope that a combination of litigation, legislation, and moral suasion would break down the barriers of race that had kept blacks confined to the inner city.(pg.183) private housing has become the means of bringing the Negro housing problem nearer solution, with every indication that ultimately it will solve the whole problem of the ghetto(pg.183) written by detroits most Prominent weekly at that time the Michigan Chronicle=critsize it say its optimistic but far from the truth Racial boundaries pg.183 At the same time that African Americans battled to gain access to equal opportunities in the workplace, civil rights organizations directed their energies towards the private housing market.(pg.183) Blacks moved out of the oldes, most run-down sections of the city into newer neighborhoods, including some that contained some of Detrioits finest housing stock, that had been all-white thorugh World War II(pg.183) Even though black housing conditions improved, patterns of residential segregation remained intact. Virtually all of Detroits blacks--regardless of class and education, occupation, age or place of birth-- shared the experience of discriminantion in the citys housing market. Only a handful of blacks ever www.notesolution.com
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