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The Collapse of the Ming and the Founding of the Qing Dynasty.docx

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Department
History
Course
HIS280Y1
Professor
Paul Thompson
Semester
Winter

Description
ndHIS280 The Collapse of the Ming and the Founding of the Qing Dynasty February 2 2012 OutlineSocial transformations of the late Ming dynastyFactional conflict eunuchs the decline of the centre and gentry reorganizationAspects of the late Ming collapse o Environmental disaster and epidemics o Peasant and bondservant slave rebellions o Invasion from the northThe organization and execution of the QingThe case of Qi Biaojia 16021645The consolidation of the Qing 16451683Social Transformations of the Late MingSociety of the late Ming period is much more commercialized than the early Ming societyThis led to a number of consequences that shape the collapse of the Ming For one at the level of the elites Chinas involvement in the early modern global economy and the increasing wealth in Chinese society tended to make many people rich who according to standard Confucian theory shouldnt have been richStart to get a class of extremely wealthy merchants based on their trade rather than their learning in the Confucian textsConflict between the old elite who feel that status should be earned by civility and education and the new elite who are gaining status by buying itNow alongside the examination network there was increasingly another elite class network creating a kind of crisis of consciousness among the eliteOne feature of late imperial China from the early Ming onwards is that land is alienable basically there is a free market in land people are not bound by feudal ties to a particular placeThis alienability of land means that people are less and less bound to their native place and thus an increase in people migrating around the dynastyThis is especially true in the south of China where people are constantly moving to escape exploitative situations taxation rents etcOne of the effects of this the lijia system becomes basically useless which requires people to stay stationary to remain functionalThis stateled system for controlling the movements of regular people increasingly falls into disrepair and this means that the gentry if they want to maintain their grip on the people need to invent new ways of keeping them in placeSee a return to local activism on the part of the gentry setting up community schools granaries charities etc so that your basic organization of social power in rural areas is less based on state systems of control and more based on elite systems of control
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