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Phl273 lec 2.docx

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Ingrid L.Stefanovic

Phl273 lec 2; sep 24animal ethics  LD50 tests; where you test substances or chemicals on animals and normally +50% die  St Thomas Aquinas o Believed that ethics shouldn’t include animals o “there is no sin in using a thing for the purpose for which it is. Now the order of things is such that the imperfect are for the perfect and thus all animals are for man”  Peter Singer and Tom Regan o Both support an individualistic ethic (not species-based)  They both include animals under a certain umbrella o Regan feels that env holism is equivalent to facism  He is against holism  In favour of honouring animals as ethic individuals o Singer: basically utilitarian o Regan: basically deontological (rights-based)  Bentham and stuart mill: classic advocates o Consequalist ethics: moral worth of action established in terms of its outcome o Maximizes overall utlity (ex: happiness, pleasure, preferences)  Greatest good for the greatest # of ppl  Singer on speciesism: excluding animals from moral considerability(kind like racism) o “we are used to regarding the oppression of blacks and women as among the most important moral and political issues facing the world today... but animals?”  He would call Aquinas a speciesist  He believes that animals have a capacity to feel pleasure and pain  Capacity to suffer and amount of suffering determines special moral requirements o He does agree that sometimes humans may suffer more than animals because of anticipation, detailed memory, greater knowledge of what is happening  Ex: mouse can’t feel a heartbreak from a loved one dying or relationship being over; however a human would emotionally feel devastated o However he does say that sometimes that animals may suffer more than humans  Ex: you like showering however a dog gets terrified every time you put them in the shower o Questions that come up are: animals eats each other so why shouldn’t we?  Ethical and reciprocity (treat others as you would want to be treated)  Question that comes up: babies don’t reciprocate; i can feed and nurture them but
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