Fascism and communism were ideologies of salvation. They wanted to perfect the human condition. The human toll these ideologies exacted instituted the basis on the human rights now. Long 19th century is peak of liberalism"s appeal. Liberal institutions develop even where basis is not obviously present. They go through the motions of liberal democracy but it actually does not happen. Rise of social democracy in western europe. Evolutionary socialism and reconciliation with liberal democracy: electoral system. Socialism turns from being a revolutionary to an evolutionary idea. Lenin: revolutionary movement under conditions of authoritarianism . You did not occupy a role, you became a status. The only way of revolutionizing was along conspiratorial professional lines. Workers only capable of trade union consciousness . If there is to be a revolution, it must come from outside of the working class. Need a party to bring them the truth: what this means for marxism.