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Political Science
Course Code
John Haines

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POL208: Realism
x By simplifying reality we try to formulate a general proposition about world politics
x Peaceful change and demolition of the Soviet State was the least likely scenario thought
up by political scientists
x Politicians very afraid of terrorism²they claim that it is not political enough²failed to
find a solution²here they have to reason as an historian and not a politician
x Bush argued that the would bring democracy to Iraq which will bring peace; democratic
o Has not happened
x 1977: there was a wish to expand NATO
o This was seen by the Russians as an attempt to expand the power of the West
o Russia now felt even more isolated
o Not about increasing power but about bringing democracy and stability to Europe
x Perception can change what the event is and its subsequent impact: Moscow perceived
the expansion of NATO as a threat but US said that this has nothing to do with security
Realism: Background Information
x Started with the failure of the League of Nations
x In order to have peace you need to have self-determination; states needed the rights of
o So you needed to have global security which would ensure peace in all countries
x *** you cannot have an organization whose purpose is to ensure peace but it is in itself
armaments of member nations of the League
o The US was not a member*
x In order to keep collective security you need to be able to wage war on the countries who
are threatening the collective security
militarization of Japan
x First grand debate between the realists and liberals was won by the realists
Core Elements of Realism:
x Most important actors in global politics are states
x Sovereignty is a fundamental element of statism ± the sate can use legitimate violence*
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