Key Periods (Slide)
1949-1972 (Quasi-Leninist) authoritarianism
-Long term goal of regaining china is meaning of regime what comes with that is
military build up
-U.S a strong power behind Taiwan
-This creates a very strong totalitarian regime
-The basis of this was market capitalist/market economy
-1950- Onwards-> establishment of KMT (party dominance) no freedoms of
memberships within assemblies
-Democracies starting to push from the lower levels
-Political will to create more attractive alternative a state that is highly
developmentalist and be successful so that ppl will benefit from economy (Korea)
this may prove as a good model for China that there is a better alternative to
-Taiwan shifted very early to export oriented growth (Growth rates very high 1960-
-Provided the same performance legitimacy that seemed to be working
-No Large Conglomerates in Taiwan unlike that seen in South Kor and Japan.
Therefore the same types of incentives that worked in Jap and Kor did not work in
-Politics of labour is key, under the authoritarian regime in Taiwan labour was
1972-1987: “Soft” Authoritariansim under Chian Ching-Kuo
-Response to international and domestic pressures
-Increase in seats for opposition (dang wai)
-Very little liberalization.
-Attempts of rulers to manipulate institutions
Break occurswith the succession of Chiang Ching-Kuo
-Rise of new opposition, with attempts to change some of govts policy ex. New
agricultural policy opposition
-Kind of reforms that began more elective seats
-Lots of these issues began through change in international contexts 1972 shift in
U.S policy (Nixon admin opening to China Official recognition of Us that Taiwan is
no longer part of China, republic of China loses its seat in) becomes key point for
Taiwanese politics .
-This created a sense of reform
-50 % of KMT comprised of Taiwanese by end of 1970’s.. becoming more of
representatives of Taiwan than of china.
-19851987 slow process of democratization occurring 1986 (marshall law
decrees dissolved in 1987, before that, bans were lifting ex. Freedom of the press)
this was after the announcement of the rise of democratic progressive party (which
will become the main opposition and later come in to power). -KMT slows retreat from gov’t after 1987 and allowed the principle of competing
-Death of Chiang…1988
-Lee Teng-hui (elected leader of KMT) and KMT factionalization. Moving quickly
away from rep mainlanders to a party claiming to represent Taiwan only.