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Pol215 Taiwan

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Political Science
Jacques Bertrand

Nov1 Taiwan Key Periods (Slide) 1949-1972 (Quasi-Leninist) authoritarianism -Long term goal of regaining china is meaning of regime what comes with that is military build up -U.S a strong power behind Taiwan -This creates a very strong totalitarian regime -The basis of this was market capitalist/market economy -1950- Onwards-> establishment of KMT (party dominance) no freedoms of memberships within assemblies -Democracies starting to push from the lower levels -Political will to create more attractive alternative a state that is highly developmentalist and be successful so that ppl will benefit from economy (Korea) this may prove as a good model for China that there is a better alternative to communist rule -Taiwan shifted very early to export oriented growth (Growth rates very high 1960- 1970’s) -Provided the same performance legitimacy that seemed to be working -No Large Conglomerates in Taiwan unlike that seen in South Kor and Japan. Therefore the same types of incentives that worked in Jap and Kor did not work in Taiwan. -Politics of labour is key, under the authoritarian regime in Taiwan labour was oppressed. 1972-1987: “Soft” Authoritariansim under Chian Ching-Kuo -Response to international and domestic pressures -Increase in seats for opposition (dang wai) -Very little liberalization. -Attempts of rulers to manipulate institutions Break occurswith the succession of Chiang Ching-Kuo -Rise of new opposition, with attempts to change some of govts policy ex. New agricultural policy opposition -Kind of reforms that began more elective seats -Lots of these issues began through change in international contexts 1972 shift in U.S policy (Nixon admin opening to China Official recognition of Us that Taiwan is no longer part of China, republic of China loses its seat in) becomes key point for Taiwanese politics . -This created a sense of reform -50 % of KMT comprised of Taiwanese by end of 1970’s.. becoming more of representatives of Taiwan than of china. -19851987 slow process of democratization occurring 1986 (marshall law decrees dissolved in 1987, before that, bans were lifting ex. Freedom of the press) this was after the announcement of the rise of democratic progressive party (which will become the main opposition and later come in to power). -KMT slows retreat from gov’t after 1987 and allowed the principle of competing with DPP -Death of Chiang…1988 -Lee Teng-hui (elected leader of KMT) and KMT factionalization. Moving quickly away from rep mainlanders to a party claiming to represent Taiwan only. -Howev
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