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Lecture

Lecture 2

3 Pages
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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSY100H1
Professor
Michael Inzlicht

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Lecture #2 September 15, 2009
History of Psychology
Has evolved from physiology and philosophy (2 different streams)
Ancient Egypt: first known medical document (Edwin smith papyrus)
Head injuries of soldiers
Showed basic understanding of some lateralization, speech centers, etc.
but held that the heart was the centre of consciousness
Science has always been contextualized in a larger set of
societal/historical/political e.g. processes.
Theological/religious barriers impeded the progress of physiological science.
The rise of Mechanism
Descartes:
-An extremely intense, unbalanced, driven personality.
-Proposed the first systematic account of the body as a machine; physiological
processes described in terms of mechanistic interactions, controlled by
hydraulics (fluids) and mechanics (levers)
Thus, human and animal bodies were simply complicated machines,
consistent with the times (machines being introduced to the world)
-However, what set humans apart from animals was the MIND, which was
non-physical but able (somehow..) to interact with the body.
-Was revolutionary for arguing that the immaterial mind and the body can
influence each other
-Splitting of mind and body still plagues us to some degree. Either have to
accept that body is mind, in which case humans are soulless animals; or
figure out how a non-physical mind could exist.
Much of the rest of the history of psychology can be described as a struggle to
answer questions that emerge from this dualism.
Darwins theory of evolution also evolved from others ideas
The geological debate of the time: catastrophism vs. uniformitarianism
Thomas Malthus: boom and bust cycle of food in species.
www.notesolution.com

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Description
Lecture #2 September 15, 2009 History of Psychology Has evolved from physiology and philosophy (2 different streams) Ancient Egypt: first known medical document (Edwin smith papyrus) Head injuries of soldiers Showed basic understanding of some lateralization, speech centers, etc. but held that the heart was the centre of consciousness Science has always been contextualized in a larger set of societalhistoricalpolitical e.g. processes. Theologicalreligious barriers impeded the progress of physiological science. The rise of Mechanism Descartes: -An extremely intense, unbalanced, driven personality. -Proposed the first systematic account of the body as a machine; physiological processes described in terms of mechanistic interactions, controlled by hydraulics (fluids) and mechanics (levers) Thus, human and animal
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