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Lecture

PSY100 - LECTURE 1

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSY100H1
Professor
Dan Dolderman
Semester
Winter

Description
PSY100H1 – LEC 1 Fundamental insight 2: we have limited capacity to process info (can only process a certain number of things at once) - we take shortcuts to make sense of things (erroneous) o called ‘heuristics’ or habitual ways of thinking (familiar patterns of thinking) to help us make sense of, or rationalize, our perceived reality o Stereotypes – humanly unavoidable, because they are linked to fundamental rationalizing processes that are inevitably innate to our being (though they still should be resisted – will be dived into later). - Biases –can shape individual reality o Social psychologists – ‘self-fulfilling prophecies’  E.g. ‘prophesying’ that a person you meet will be warm/cold ----> you therefore take on a corresponding warm/cold demeanor and warm/cold bias creates a warm/cold perception of the person o Race example (job interview) o Gender example (music audition) – auditions done face-face, judges perceived men as better; auditions done behind curtain, previous perception concluded as biased towards men (expectations guided judgments) - the Pygmalion effect*:
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